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Juveniles as Offenders
Comparing Adult & Juvenile Offenders
Q: Does the time of day for violent crime that results in injury vary for adults and juveniles?
A: The time patterns of violent crime that results in injury to the victim by juvenile offenders differs substantially from the adult pattern.

Time of day profiles for violent crimes resulting in injury
(Offenders per 1,000 violent crime offenders in age group)

 
  Juvenile offenders 
Time Under 18 18 & older

6AM 6.4 13.1
7AM 22.1 14.8
8AM 32.2 19.2
9AM 29.1 21.5
10AM 33.6 25.8
11AM 46.5 29.3
12PM 55.4 33.3
1PM 51.7 32.3
2PM 80.1 35.2
3PM 101.1 40.9
4PM 73.2 43.5
5PM 63.8 48.2
6PM 64.1 52.6
7PM 65.7 56.9
8PM 63.0 61.8
9PM 56.6 66.5
10PM 46.0 69.7
11PM 33.4 67.9
12AM 25.5 67.4
1AM 17.6 66.9
2AM 13.4 58.1
3AM 9.6 37.3
4AM 5.5 22.9
5AM 4.3 15.2
6AM 6.4 13.1

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Juveniles are most likely to commit a violent crime that results in injury to the victim during afterschool hours, peaking at 3 p.m.
  • For adult offenders, violent crime resulting in injury to the victim increases hourly from 6 a.m. through the afternoon and evening hours, peaking between 9 p.m. and 2 a.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/offenders/qa03404.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 3. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.

 

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