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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juvenile Population
Q: Within States, how do juvenile populations vary by race?
A: While race/ethnicity profiles vary considerably across states, white, non-Hispanic youth account for the largest share of the youth population in 46 states.

Juvenile (0-17) population proportions by race/ethnicity and State, 2013

State
Non-Hispanic
Hispanic
White Black American
Indian
Asian
United States
54.3%
15.1%
1.0%
5.4%
24.1%
Alabama
60.2%
31.0%
0.6%
1.5%
6.8%
Alaska
56.5%
5.6%
20.9%
8.1%
8.8%
Arizona
42.8%
5.5%
5.3%
3.2%
43.3%
Arkansas
66.1%
19.5%
0.9%
2.0%
11.4%
California
28.9%
6.4%
0.5%
12.2%
51.9%
Colorado
59.3%
5.4%
0.8%
3.5%
31.0%
Connecticut
60.5%
12.4%
0.3%
5.1%
21.7%
Delaware
53.9%
27.4%
0.3%
4.1%
14.3%
District of Columbia
22.0%
60.9%
0.3%
2.8%
14.1%
Florida
46.1%
21.5%
0.3%
3.0%
29.0%
Georgia
47.4%
34.9%
0.2%
3.9%
13.6%
Hawaii
20.6%
3.5%
0.3%
59.1%
16.5%
Idaho
77.7%
1.5%
1.4%
1.6%
17.7%
Illinois
53.8%
16.8%
0.2%
5.1%
24.1%
Indiana
74.6%
12.8%
0.3%
2.1%
10.3%
Iowa
81.8%
5.9%
0.4%
2.4%
9.5%
Kansas
69.7%
8.5%
1.1%
3.0%
17.8%
Kentucky
81.9%
10.7%
0.2%
1.7%
5.5%
Louisiana
53.3%
38.5%
0.8%
1.8%
5.7%
Maine
91.4%
3.4%
1.0%
1.7%
2.6%
Maryland
47.1%
33.3%
0.3%
6.6%
12.7%
Massachusetts
67.7%
9.0%
0.2%
6.7%
16.3%
Michigan
70.0%
18.0%
0.8%
3.4%
7.9%
Minnesota
74.2%
9.5%
1.7%
6.2%
8.4%
Mississippi
50.3%
44.1%
0.6%
1.0%
3.9%
Missouri
75.7%
15.3%
0.6%
2.3%
6.2%
Montana
81.5%
1.5%
10.5%
1.0%
5.5%
Nebraska
72.9%
7.3%
1.3%
2.4%
16.1%
Nevada
40.6%
10.5%
1.0%
7.6%
40.2%
New Hampshire
88.6%
2.4%
0.3%
3.3%
5.3%
New Jersey
50.9%
14.7%
0.2%
9.8%
24.4%
New Mexico
26.6%
2.3%
10.6%
1.4%
59.1%
New York
51.2%
16.9%
0.4%
7.9%
23.6%
North Carolina
55.9%
24.9%
1.4%
3.1%
14.8%
North Dakota
81.8%
3.3%
8.9%
1.2%
4.8%
Ohio
75.4%
16.7%
0.2%
2.3%
5.5%
Oklahoma
59.5%
10.6%
12.2%
2.3%
15.5%
Oregon
68.2%
3.3%
1.6%
5.2%
21.6%
Pennsylvania
71.3%
14.4%
0.2%
3.6%
10.5%
Rhode Island
64.4%
8.8%
0.6%
3.7%
22.5%
South Carolina
56.7%
32.9%
0.4%
1.7%
8.3%
South Dakota
75.9%
3.3%
14.0%
1.4%
5.4%
Tennessee
68.4%
21.1%
0.2%
2.0%
8.3%
Texas
34.2%
12.4%
0.3%
4.1%
49.0%
Utah
77.0%
1.8%
1.1%
3.3%
16.9%
Vermont
92.5%
2.7%
0.5%
1.9%
2.4%
Virginia
58.0%
22.4%
0.3%
7.0%
12.3%
Washington
62.7%
6.1%
1.9%
9.2%
20.2%
West Virginia
91.8%
5.1%
0.2%
0.9%
2.1%
Wisconsin
74.1%
10.0%
1.2%
3.6%
11.0%
Wyoming
79.7%
1.9%
3.3%
0.9%
14.2%
Detail may not total 100% due to rounding.

[ CSV file ]

  • In 2013, at least 9 of every 10 juveniles in Maine, Vermont, and West Virginia were non-Hispanic and white.
  • In contrast, New Mexico's juvenile population was 59% Hispanic. Other states with large Hispanic juvenile populations include California (52%), Texas (49%), Arizona (43%), Nevada (40%), and Colorado (31%). In 2013, more than half (53%) of all Hispanic juveniles lived in California, Texas, and Florida.
  • The states with the greatest proportions of non-Hispanic black juveniles in their populations in 2013 were Mississippi (44%), Louisiana (39%), Georgia (35%), Maryland (33%), South Carolina (33%), and Alabama (31%). Black youth accounted for 61% of the juvenile population in the District of Columbia.
  • In 2013, 5 states had juvenile populations with at least 10% American Indians or Alaska Natives. These states were Alaska (21%), South Dakota (14%), Oklahoma (12%), New Mexico (11%), and Montana (10%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01103.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on August 01, 2014.

Data Source: Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A. and Kang, W. (2014). Easy Access to Juvenile Populations. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezapop/. Retrieved July 2014.

 

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