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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Living Arrangements
Q: How do the living arrangements of children vary by race?
A: More than half (55%) of all black children lived with only one parent in 2011 compared with less than one-quarter (22%) of white children.

Living arrangements of children by race/ethnicity, 1970-2011

 
Two parents
Single parent, Mother only
Single parent, Father only
White Black Hispanic* White Black Hispanic* White Black Hispanic*
1970
90%
58%
N/A
8%
30%
N/A
1%
2%
N/A
1971
88
54
N/A
9
33
N/A
1
2
N/A
1972
88
54
N/A
9
33
N/A
1
2
N/A
1973
87
51
N/A
10
38
N/A
1
2
N/A
1974
87
51
N/A
10
38
N/A
1
2
N/A
1975
85
49
N/A
11
41
N/A
1
2
N/A
1976
85
50
N/A
12
40
N/A
1
2
N/A
1977
85
47
N/A
12
42
N/A
1
1
N/A
1978
84
44
N/A
13
42
N/A
1
2
N/A
1979
83
43
N/A
12
42
N/A
1
2
N/A
1980
83
42
75
14
44
20
2
2
2
1981
82
43
70
14
43
23
2
3
2
1982
81
42
69
15
47
25
2
2
2
1983
81
41
68
15
51
27
2
2
2
1984
81
41
70
15
50
25
2
3
2
1985
80
39
68
16
51
27
2
3
2
1986
80
41
66
16
51
28
3
2
3
1987
79
40
66
16
50
28
3
3
3
1988
79
39
66
16
51
27
3
3
3
1989
80
38
67
16
51
28
3
3
3
1990
79
38
67
16
51
27
3
4
3
1991
78
36
66
17
54
27
3
4
3
1992
77
36
65
18
54
28
3
3
4
1993
77
36
65
17
54
28
3
3
4
1994
76
33
63
18
53
28
3
4
4
1995
76
33
63
18
52
28
3
4
4
1996
75
33
62
18
53
29
4
4
4
1997
75
35
64
18
52
27
4
5
4
1998
74
36
64
18
51
27
5
4
4
1999
74
35
63
18
52
27
4
4
5
2000
75
38
65
17
49
25
4
4
4
2001
75
38
65
18
48
25
4
5
5
2002
75
38
65
18
48
25
5
5
5
2003
75
36
65
18
51
25
5
5
6
2004
74
35
65
18
50
25
4
6
5
2005
74
35
65
18
50
25
5
5
5
2006
74
35
66
18
51
25
5
5
4

2007
77
39
70
17
50
24
3
4
2
2008
76
38
70
17
51
24
4
3
2
2009
76
38
69
18
50
25
3
3
3
2010
75
39
67
18
50
26
3
4
3
2011
75
38
67
19
51
26
4
3
3
Note: * Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race; however, most are white. Race proportions include persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
**The Current Population Survey methodology changed to more accurately reflect children’s coresidence with their parents. This change is reflected in the estimates beginning in 2007, where two parent homes include all homes in which a child lives with both parents, married or unmarried (biological, step or adoptive). For more information please read: Improvements to data collection about families in CPS 2007.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In 2011, more than one-third (38%) of black children lived with both parents. The majority of white children and children of Hispanic ethnicity lived in two-parent homes (75% and 67%, respectively).
  • The proportion of children living in two-parent families declined between 1980 and 2011 for white children (83% to 75%), black children (42% to 38%), and children of Hispanic ethnicity (75% to 67%).
  • Between 1970 and 2011, the proportion of children living with their mothers in single-parent households increased from 8% to 19% for whites and from 30% to 51% for blacks. For children of Hispanic ethnicity, this proportion increased from 20% in 1980 to 26% in 2011.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01202.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on December 17, 2012.

Data Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey - Families and Living Arrangements, Historical Tables. Table CH-2: "Living Arrangements of White Children Under 18 Years Old: 1960 to Present;" Table CH-3: "Living Arrangements of Black Children Under 18 Years Old: 1960 to Present;" Table CH-4: "Living Arrangements of Hispanic Children Under 18 Years Old: 1970 to Present." [Internet release date: September 2012]. Web-based data files available at: http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/children.html.

 

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