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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Teen Mothers
Q: Have changes in teen birth rates differed by race?
A: The decline in birth rates between 1991 and 2010 was greater among Asian/Pacific Islander and black teens ages 15–17 than for teens of other race/ethnicity subgroups.

Births per 1,000 females ages 15-17 by race/ethnicity, 1980-2010

Year White Black American
Indian
Asian/Pacific
Islander
Hispanic
1980 25.5 72.5 51.5 12.0
1981 25.4 69.3 49.7 13.4
1982 25.5 69.7 52.6 14.0
1983 25.0 69.6 55.2 12.9
1984 24.3 69.2 50.7 12.6
1985 24.4 69.3 47.7 12.5
1986 23.8 69.3 48.7 12.1
1987 24.6 72.1 48.8 12.6
1988 26.0 75.7 49.7 13.6
1989 28.1 81.9 51.6 15.0
1990 29.5 82.3 48.5 16.0 65.9
1991 30.5 83.5 51.9 16.3 69.2
1992 29.9 80.5 52.3 15.4 68.9
1993 30.0 78.9 51.5 16.1 68.5
1994 30.4 75.1 48.4 16.3 69.9
1995 29.6 68.5 44.6 15.6 68.3
1996 28.0 63.3 42.7 14.7 64.2
1997 26.6 59.3 41.0 14.0 61.1
1998 25.6 55.4 39.7 13.8 58.5
1999 24.4 50.5 36.5 12.4 56.9
2000 23.3 49.0 34.1 11.6 55.5
2001 21.3 43.7 30.3 10.1 51.9
2002 20.4 39.5 28.9 8.8 49.3
2003 19.6 37.5 28.0 8.5 47.6
2004 19.4 36.3 26.7 8.4 47.3
2005 18.8 34.5 26.3 7.7 45.8
2006 19.2 35.3 26.0 8.2 45.1
2007 19.5 34.6 26.2 7.4 44.4
2008 19.1 33.5 25.9 7.0 42.2
2009 17.8 30.9 23.7 6.3 37.3
2010 15.8 27.3 20.1 5.1 32.3
Note: Race rates include persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin can be of any race; however, most are white.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 1991 and 2010, birth rates among 15–17-year-old Asian/Pacific Islander teens declined 68% and 67% for black teens, compared with declines of: 61% for American Indian teens, 53% for Hispanic teens, and 48% for white teens.
  • Birth rates in 2010 were higher for teens of Hispanic ethnicity (32 per 1,000) and black teenagers (27) than American Indian teenagers (20), whites (16) and Asian/Pacific Islanders (5).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01302.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on December 17, 2012.

Data Source: Martin, J.A., Hamilton, B.E., Ventura, S.J., et al. Births: Final Data for 2010. National Vital Statistics Report, Vol. 61, No. 01. [PDF]. Hyattsville, Maryland: National Center for Health Statistics, 2012.

 

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