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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: Does the proportion of juveniles living in poverty vary by race?
A: In 2011, black juveniles were twice as likely to live in poverty as white juveniles.

Percent under age 18 in poverty by race, 1975-2011

Year White Black Asian
1975
12.7%
41.7%
1976
11.6
40.6
1977
11.6
41.8
1978
11.3
41.5
1979
11.8
41.2
1980
13.9
42.3
1981
15.2
45.2
1982
17.0
47.6
1983
17.5
46.7
1984
16.7
46.6
1985
16.2
43.6
1986
16.1
43.1
1987
15.3
45.1
23.5%
1988
14.5
43.5
24.1
1989
14.8
43.7
19.8
1990
15.9
44.8
17.6
1991
16.8
45.9
17.5
1992
17.4
46.6
16.4
1993
17.8
46.1
18.2
1994
16.9
43.8
18.3
1995
16.2
41.9
19.5
1996
16.3
39.9
19.5
1997
16.1
37.2
20.3
1998
15.1
36.7
18.0
1999
13.7
33.2
11.9
2000
13.1
31.2
12.7
2001
13.4
30.2
11.5
2002
13.6
31.5
11.0
2003
14.3
33.6
12.7
2004
14.8
33.3
9.7
2005
14.4
33.5
10.3
2006
14.1
33.0
11.4
2007
14.9
33.7
11.9
2008
15.8
33.9
13.3
2009
17.7
35.4
13.3
2010
18.5
37.8
13.6
2011
18.6
37.4
13.3
Note: Poverty statistics on American Indians and Alaska Natives were not presented in the source reports.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • The proportion of juveniles living in poverty increased for each race group since 2006. In fact, the proportion of white juveniles in poverty in 2011 (18.6%) was at its highest point since 1975.
  • The proportion of white juveniles in poverty has been relatively stable since 1975 (varying between 11% and 19%). Comparatively, the proportions of black juveniles (varying between 30% and 48%) and Asian juveniles (varying between 10% and 24%) living in poverty showed greater variation between 1975 and 2011.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01402.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on December 17, 2012.

Data Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Current Population Survey - Historical Poverty Tables. Table 3: "Poverty Status of People, by Age, Race, and Hispanic Origin: 1959 to 2011." [Internet release date: September 13, 2012 ]. Web-based data files available at: [http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/historical/people.html].

 

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