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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: Does the proportion of juveniles living in poverty vary by State?
A: In 2013, the proportion of juveniles in poverty ranged from a low of 9% in Utah to a high of 37% in the District of Columbia.

Proportion of persons living in poverty by State, 2013

State All ages Ages 0-17 Ages 18-64 Over 64

United States 14.5% 19.9% 13.6% 9.5%
 
Alabama 16.8% 26.4% 14.6% 10.0%
Alaska 10.9% 16.0% 9.7% (B)
Arizona 20.2% 27.2% 19.2% 12.7%
Arkansas 17.1% 23.7% 16.5% 10.0%
California 14.9% 20.3% 13.7% 10.7%

Colorado 10.6% 14.0% 9.8% 8.0%
Connecticut 11.3% 15.3% 10.9% 6.8%
Delaware 14.0% 23.0% 12.6% 7.0%
District of Columbia 21.4% 36.8% 18.3% 16.3%
Florida 14.9% 19.3% 14.4% 11.2%

Georgia 16.3% 23.2% 14.8% 9.5%
Hawaii 11.1% 12.5% 11.5% 7.0%
Idaho 12.9% 16.1% 13.3% 4.4%
Illinois 13.3% 17.7% 12.4% 9.2%
Indiana 11.6% 14.7% 11.6% 6.3%

Iowa 10.8% 14.4% 10.3% 6.8%
Kansas 13.2% 18.1% 11.6% 11.1%
Kentucky 20.0% 31.8% 17.9% 10.9%
Louisiana 19.2% 26.6% 17.5% 13.8%
Maine 12.3% 20.8% 11.4% 5.5%

Maryland 10.3% 15.4% 9.0% 8.1%
Massachusetts 11.9% 15.3% 12.1% 6.1%
Michigan 14.5% 19.8% 14.4% 6.8%
Minnesota 12.0% 14.0% 12.3% 7.1%
Mississippi 22.5% 30.6% 21.5% 11.6%

Missouri 13.7% 19.8% 13.7% 5.6%
Montana 14.5% 20.3% 14.1% 7.2%
Nebraska 11.0% 14.3% 9.7% 10.7%
Nevada 17.4% 25.3% 16.4% 8.3%
New Hampshire 9.0% 13.3% 8.4% 5.5%

New Jersey 11.1% 16.6% 9.8% 8.1%
New Mexico 21.6% 28.7% 21.4% 12.5%
New York 14.5% 19.5% 13.6% 11.1%
North Carolina 18.6% 26.8% 16.5% 14.5%
North Dakota 10.0% 14.0% 8.6% 8.3%

Ohio 13.7% 16.9% 14.2% 7.5%
Oklahoma 14.0% 17.7% 14.2% 6.3%
Oregon 15.1% 17.0% 15.5% 10.9%
Pennsylvania 12.4% 16.9% 12.1% 7.8%
Rhode Island 13.5% 23.3% 11.6% 8.3%

South Carolina 15.9% 18.5% 15.6% 13.7%
South Dakota 10.2% 12.7% 9.3% 9.4%
Tennessee 18.1% 26.6% 16.7% 10.8%
Texas 16.8% 24.2% 14.4% 12.1%
Utah 8.3% 9.2% 7.7% 9.0%

Vermont 8.7% 12.2% 8.4% 6.2%
Virginia 10.4% 14.6% 9.7% 6.9%
Washington 11.9% 15.9% 11.9% 6.1%
West Virginia 17.3% 23.2% 17.7% 8.8%
Wisconsin 11.0% 15.9% 10.4% 6.0%
Wyoming 11.8% 14.5% 11.2% 9.3%

(B): The percentage has been suppressed because it is statistically unreliable. Percentages are not shown when the denominator is less than 75 thousand.

[ Map of juvenile proportion ]  [ Excel file ]

  • According to 2013 estimates, the proportion of juveniles (ages 0 to 17) in poverty (19.9%) was greater than the proportion of all persons in poverty (14.5%). And a greater of proportion of juveniles lived in poverty than persons ages 18 to 64 (13.6%) and persons over age 64 (9.5%).
  • In 2013, the proportion of juveniles living in poverty exceeded the national average in 18 states and the District of Columbia.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01403.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on December 16, 2014.

Adapted from the U.S. Bureau of the Census'. Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. Retrieved on December 1, 2014 from: [http://www.census.gov/cps/data/cpstablecreator.html].

 

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