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Juvenile Population Characteristics
Poverty
Q: Does the proportion of juveniles living in poverty vary by State?
A: In 2010, the proportion of juveniles in poverty ranged from a low of 6% in New Hampshire to a high of 35% in the Mississippi.

Proportion of persons living in poverty by State, 2010

State All ages Ages 0-17 Ages 18-64 Over 64

United States 15.1% 22.0% 13.8% 8.9%
 
Alabama 17.2% 24.7% 15.9% 10.3%
Alaska 12.5% 16.0% 11.3% (B)
Arizona 18.8% 28.7% 17.2% 6.1%
Arkansas 15.3% 21.9% 13.3% 12.4%
California 16.3% 23.4% 15.1% 7.8%

Colorado 12.3% 19.0% 10.6% 7.5%
Connecticut 8.6% 11.9% 8.1% 5.1%
Delaware 12.2% 18.8% 10.8% 7.8%
District of Columbia 19.5% 34.0% 16.6% (B)
Florida 16.0% 23.0% 15.5% 9.5%

Georgia 18.8% 25.1% 17.1% 12.9%
Hawaii 12.4% 20.2% 10.4% 8.6%
Idaho 13.8% 18.8% 13.0% 6.8%
Illinois 14.1% 21.1% 12.6% 8.0%
Indiana 16.3% 26.2% 13.2% 11.6%

Iowa 10.3% 13.4% 10.1% 5.2%
Kansas 14.5% 23.8% 12.3% 6.6%
Kentucky 17.7% 24.9% 16.9% 8.5%
Louisiana 21.5% 30.3% 18.0% 19.9%
Maine 12.6% 19.0% 11.7% 8.3%

Maryland 10.9% 13.9% 10.3% 7.7%
Massachusetts 10.9% 14.4% 10.9% 5.7%
Michigan 15.7% 21.5% 15.2% 7.9%
Minnesota 10.8% 15.0% 9.5% 8.8%
Mississippi 22.5% 34.5% 19.9% 11.6%

Missouri 15.0% 21.0% 14.8% 6.0%
Montana 14.5% 22.0% 12.9% 10.5%
Nebraska 10.2% 13.9% 9.2% 7.6%
Nevada 16.5% 23.9% 15.1% 9.5%
New Hampshire 6.5% 6.1% 6.3% 7.4%

New Jersey 11.1% 15.0% 9.9% 9.7%
New Mexico 18.3% 26.8% 16.7% 9.7%
New York 16.0% 24.4% 14.1% 10.9%
North Carolina 17.4% 28.2% 14.8% 9.7%
North Dakota 12.6% 17.0% 11.2% 11.2%

Ohio 15.4% 23.9% 13.8% 7.8%
Oklahoma 16.3% 25.3% 14.0% 9.3%
Oregon 14.3% 21.9% 13.5% 6.1%
Pennsylvania 12.3% 17.3% 11.5% 8.3%
Rhode Island 14.0% 21.5% 12.6% 9.2%

South Carolina 16.9% 25.5% 15.4% 10.0%
South Dakota 13.6% 17.3% 13.2% 8.2%
Tennessee 16.7% 23.6% 15.1% 11.9%
Texas 18.4% 26.8% 16.1% 10.0%
Utah 10.0% 13.8% 8.7% 6.8%

Vermont 10.7% 14.5% 10.3% 7.3%
Virginia 10.7% 12.7% 10.0% 10.4%
Washington 11.6% 16.8% 10.7% 6.3%
West Virginia 16.9% 21.1% 17.0% 9.8%
Wisconsin 10.1% 13.8% 9.7% 6.1%
Wyoming 9.6% 13.2% 8.5% (B)

(B): The percentage has been suppressed because it is statistically unreliable. Percentages are not shown when the denominator is less than 75 thousand.

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  • According to 2010 estimates, the proportion of juveniles (ages 0 to 17) in poverty (22.0%) was greater than the proportion of all persons in poverty (15.1%).
  • In 2010, the proportion of juveniles living in poverty exceeded the national average in 20 states and the District of Columbia.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/population/qa01403.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on December 17, 2012.

Adapted from the U.S. Bureau of the Census'. Current Population Survey (CPS) Table Creator. Retrieved on September 13, 2012 from: [http://www.census.gov/cps/data/cpstablecreator.html].

 

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