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Juveniles on Probation
Probation as a Court Disposition
Q: What are the characteristics of cases placed on formal probation?
A: Property offenses constitute the largest share of the formal probation caseload.

Characteristics of adjudicated cases ordered to probation, 1985-2010

  1985 2000 2005 2010

Most serious offense 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 %
  Person 16   23   25   26  
  Property 60   41   36   36  
  Drugs 8   13   13   13  
  Public order 16   23   26   25  
         
Sex 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 %
  Male 85   78   77   77  
  Female 15   22   23   23  
         
Race 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 %
  White 70   68   65   64  
  Black 28   28   31   32  
  American Indian 1   2   2   2  
  Asian/NHPI 1   2   2   2  
         
Age at referral 100 % 100 % 100 % 100 %
  Under 14 17   19   16   14  
  Age 14 18   17   17   15  
  Age 15 24   23   24   23  
  Age 16 25   23   25   27  
  Age 17 & older 17   18   18   20  

[ Excel file ]

  • Compared with 1985, the offense profile of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to formal probation showed greater proportions of person, drug, and public order cases in 2010.
  • Males account for the largest share of the formal probation caseload (77% in 2010), but the female share has grown since 1985, from 15% to 23%.
  • The age and race profiles of adjudicated cases ordered to formal probation changed little between 1985 and 2010.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/probation/qa07103.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2010 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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