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Juveniles on Probation
Probation as a Court Disposition
Q: Do trends in the number of adjudicated cases receiving probation vary by offense?
A: Increases in the number of adjudicated cases ordered to formal probation occurred in all four offense categories, with drug offense cases showing the largest relative increase between 1985 and 2011.
Adjudicated delinquency cases placed on probation, by offense, 1985-2011

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  • Between 1985 and 2011, the volume of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to formal probation increased 29%. In comparison, the number of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to residential placement declined 9% during the same period.
  • The number of adjudicated drug offense cases ordered to formal probation increased 121% between 1985 and 2011. During the same period, there was a 109% increase among person offense cases and a 104% increase among public order offense cases. The number of adjudicated property offense cases ordered to formal probation increased 51% between 1985 and 1997, but then declined substantially through 2011, resting below the 1985-level.
  • As a result of these changes, the formal probation caseload included greater proportions of person, drug, and public order offense cases in 2011 than in 1985.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/probation/qa07104.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on May 22, 2014.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2011 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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