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Juveniles on Probation
Probation as a Court Disposition
Q: Do trends in the number of adjudicated cases receiving probation vary by offense?
A: Increases in the number of adjudicated cases ordered to formal probation occurred in three of the four offense categories, with drug offense cases showing the largest relative increase between 1985 and 2013.
Adjudicated delinquency cases placed on probation, by offense, 1985-2013

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  • Between 1985 and 2013, the volume of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to formal probation increased 6%. In comparison, the number of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to residential placement declined 26% during the same period.
  • The number of adjudicated drug offense cases ordered to formal probation increased 85% between 1985 and 2013. During the same period, there was a 74% increase among person offense cases and a 69% increase among public order offense cases. The number of adjudicated property offense cases ordered to formal probation increased 49% between 1985 and 1997, but then declined substantially (60%) through 2013, resting below the 1985-level.
  • As a result of these changes, the formal probation caseload included greater proportions of person, drug, and public order offense cases in 2013 than in 1985.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/probation/qa07104.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on April 27, 2015.

Adapted from Easy Access to Juvenile Court Statistics. Available on-line at: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezajcs/.

Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.


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