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Juveniles on Probation
Probation as a Court Disposition
Q: Do trends in the number of adjudicated cases receiving probation vary by offense?
A: Increases in the number of adjudicated cases ordered to formal probation occurred in all four offense categories, with drug offense cases showing the sharpest increase between 1985 and 2010.

Adjudicated delinquency cases placed on probation, by offense, 1985-2010

Year Person Property Drugs Public order

1985 31,700 116,400 14,700 31,500
1986 34,900 124,600 14,400 31,900
1987 33,600 120,900 15,200 31,600
1988 33,500 118,300 16,100 32,600
1989 38,200 126,500 16,900 35,000
1990 44,000 134,000 15,300 38,500
1991 47,100 143,500 13,500 36,800
1992 53,500 146,200 14,500 41,700
1993 59,300 145,100 18,200 49,700
1994 65,700 149,800 24,700 54,500
1995 74,700 159,800 33,700 58,100
1996 78,500 171,300 39,900 67,500
1997 84,600 174,300 44,100 76,200
1998 79,700 157,800 43,800 75,100
1999 81,900 145,900 44,100 77,400
2000 80,000 143,400 46,000 81,900
2001 81,700 134,500 46,900 82,700
2002 81,100 132,100 44,000 82,500
2003 81,300 127,100 41,200 83,600
2004 82,700 121,400 43,300 84,800
2005 82,100 115,300 42,200 82,800
2006 82,300 116,200 41,800 82,600
2007 80,900 115,700 41,000 80,900
2008 78,800 114,600 38,700 78,600
2009 73,600 104,700 35,000 72,100
2010 68,300 93,000 33,700 65,400

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 1985 and 2010, the volume of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to formal probation increased 34%. In comparison, the number of adjudicated delinquency cases ordered to residential placement increased 7% during the same period.
  • The number of adjudicated drug offense cases ordered to formal probation increased 153% between 1985 and 2010. During the same period, there was a 115% increase among person offense cases and a 107% increase among public order offense cases. The number of adjudicated property offense cases ordered to formal probation increased 50% between 1985 and 1997, but then declined substantially through 2010, resting below the 1985-level.
  • As a result of these changes, the formal probation caseload included greater proportions of person, drug, and public order offense cases in 2009 than in 1985.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/probation/qa07104.asp?qaDate=2010. Released on April 17, 2013.

Adapted from Juvenile Court Statistics 2010 (forthcoming). Pittsburgh, PA: National Center for Juvenile Justice.

 

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