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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Juveniles Tried as Adults
Q: What is the youngest age that a juvenile can be transferred to criminal court for trial as an adult?
A: There are 21 States plus the District of Columbia that have at least one provision for transferring juveniles to the criminal court for which no minimum age is specified.

Minimum transfer age specified in statute, 2009

State None specified Age 10 Age 12 Age 13 Age 14 Age 15

Number of states 22 3 3 6 16 1

Alabama X
Alaska X
Arizona X

Arkansas X
California X
Colorado X

Connecticut X
Delaware X
District of Columbia X

Florida X
Georgia X
Hawaii X

Idaho X
Illinois X
Indiana X

Iowa X
Kansas X
Kentucky X

Louisiana X
Maine X
Maryland X

Massachusetts X
Michigan X
Minnesota X

Mississippi X
Missouri X
Montana X

Nebraska X
Nevada X
New Hampshire X

New Jersey X
New Mexico X
New York X

North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Ohio X

Oklahoma X
Oregon X
Pennsylvania X

Rhode Island X
South Carolina X
South Dakota X

Tennessee X
Texas X
Utah X

Vermont X
Virginia X
Washington X

West Virginia X
Wisconsin X
Wyoming X

Note: Table information is as of the end of the 2009 legislative session.

  • Most States (16) that specify a minimum age set the minimum at age 14.
  • Other sections of the State statute may specify a minimum age for juvenile court delinquency jurisdiction (below which juveniles can not be processed as delinquents in juvenile court) and/or a minimum age for criminal responsibility (below which children can not be tried in criminal court).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04105.asp?qaDate=2009. Released on April 22, 2011.

Material originally compiled by P. Griffin for the National Center for Juvenile Justice's State Juvenile Justice Profiles website.

 

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