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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Organization & Administration of Delinquency Services
Q: What type of agency controls the operation of state commitment facilities?
A: In most states (33) and the District of Columbia, either an independent juvenile corrections agency, like a Department of Juvenile Justice, or a social or human services agency, like a public welfare agency, administer public state commitment facilities.

Administration of Public State Commitment Facilities, 2013
(Click on the state name for additional information)

State Independent Juvenile Corrections Family and Children Services Social or Human Services Department of Corrections

Number of states 18 9 13 11

Alabama X
Alaska X
Arizona X

Arkansas X
California X
Colorado X

Connecticut X
Delaware X
District of Columbia X

Florida X
Georgia X
Hawaii X

Idaho X
Illinois X
Indiana X

Iowa X
Kansas X
Kentucky X

Louisiana X
Maine X
Maryland X

Massachusetts X
Michigan X
Minnesota X

Mississippi X
Missouri X
Montana X

Nebraska X
Nevada X
New Hampshire X

New Jersey X
New Mexico X
New York X

North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Ohio X

Oklahoma X
Oregon X
Pennsylvania X

Rhode Island X
South Carolina X
South Dakota X

Tennessee X
Texas X
Utah X

Vermont X
Virginia X
Washington X

West Virginia X
Wisconsin X
Wyoming X

  • Agencies that administer public state commitment facilities are responsible for maintaining operations and managing administrative functions, including finance and human resources.
  • "Independent Juvenile Corrections" agencies are state agencies of equal stature to a state's adult department of corrections. For example, both the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice and the Florida Department of Corrections are under the governor's office.
  • "Family and Children Services" agencies administer services for both delinquent youth and those with abuse, neglect or dependency cases. One example of this type of agency is the Connecticut Department of Children and Families.
  • "Social or Human Services" agencies refer to state general public welfare agencies. For example, the Colorado Department of Human Services assists families who need resources such as food or childcare, in addition to children at risk of abuse or neglect, youth who have violated the law, and residents who need mental health treatment.
  • "Department of Corrections" refer to state agencies that administer corrections for adults and have an internal division for juvenile corrections. For example, the Indiana Department of Correction aims to advance public safety and successful re-entry for both adults and juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04202.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on August 05, 2013.

Developed for the State Training and Technical Assistance Center by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The following NCJJ staff contributed to this state profile: Sean Addie, Teri Deal, Anne Fromknecht, Hunter Hurst, Anne Rackow, Crystal Robson, Lauren Vessels, and Andrew Wachter.


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