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Juveniled Justice System Structure & Process
Organization & Administration of Delinquency Services
Q: What type of agency administers community supervision (probation)?
A: In most states, judicial agencies, such as the Administrative Office of the Courts or a local juvenile court, administer community supervision (probation).

Administration of community supervision (probation), 2013
(Click on the state name for additional information)

State Judicial Agencies Executive Agencies Judicial and Executive

Number of states 21 15 15

Alabama X
Alaska X
Arizona X

Arkansas X
California X
Colorado X

Connecticut X
Delaware X
District of Columbia X

Florida X
Georgia X
Hawaii X

Idaho X
Illinois X
Indiana X

Iowa X
Kansas X
Kentucky X

Louisiana X
Maine X
Maryland X

Massachusetts X
Michigan X
Minnesota X

Mississippi X
Missouri X
Montana X

Nebraska X
Nevada X
New Hampshire X

New Jersey X
New Mexico X
New York X

North Carolina X
North Dakota X
Ohio X

Oklahoma X
Oregon X
Pennsylvania X

Rhode Island X
South Carolina X
South Dakota X

Tennessee X
Texas X
Utah X

Vermont X
Virginia X
Washington X

West Virginia X
Wisconsin X
Wyoming X

  • Agencies that administer community supervision of delinquent youth, also called probation services, are responsible for maintaining operations and managing administrative functions, including finance and human resources.
  • Judicial agencies that administer probation services can be at the state level, such as the Administrative Office of the Courts, or local juvenile courts.
  • Executive agencies that administer probation services are mainly at the state level and include correctional agencies, child protection agencies, and social or human services agencies. Less often, adult corrections agencies are responsible for administering probation. In a few states, local government agencies, such as county commissioners, administer probation.
  • In many states (14), a combination of executive and judicial agencies administer probation. There are several ways that this can be arranged. In some states, like Georgia and Louisiana, urban areas have locally court administered probation departments, while the state administers probation in other areas. In other states, like Nevada, district courts administer probation services except in the most populous county where probation is administered by the county executive agency. There are some states where the state-level judicial and executive agencies share administration responsibilities, and other states, such as Ohio, where probation services can be contracted out.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/qa04203.asp?qaDate=2013. Released on April 05, 2013.

Developed for the State Training and Technical Assistance Center by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ), with funding from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The following NCJJ staff contributed to this state profile: Sean Addie, Teri Deal, Anne Fromknecht, Hunter Hurst, Anne Rackow, Crystal Robson, Lauren Vessels, and Andrew Wachter.

 

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