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In Alabama, truancy, being a runaway, being beyond the control of parents or guardians, driving under the influence, consumption or possession of alcohol and tobacco products, committing an offense established by law but not classified as criminal, and violation of municipal ordinances are status offense behaviors which are applicable only to children. The upper age for delinquency jurisdiction and status offenses in Alabama is 17. The lower age for delinquency jurisdiction and for status offense jurisdiction is not specified.

Status offense cases are classified as children in need of services or status offenders. The district and circuit courts have jurisdiction over status offenders and delinquents. A court may extend jurisdiction until a juvenile reaches 21.