In Iowa, being a chronic runaway (meaning a child who is reported to law enforcement as a runaway more than once in any 30-day period or 3 or more times in any year) is a status offense behavior. The upper age for delinquency jurisdiction and status offense jurisdiction is 17. The lower age for delinquency jurisdiction and status offense jurisdiction is not specified.
Status offense cases are classified as chronic runaways. The district court has jurisdiction over status offenders, while juvenile and district courts have jurisdiction over delinquents. A court may extend jurisdiction until a juvenile reaches 19.