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In Ohio, truancy, disobeying the reasonable control of parents or guardians, and behaving in a manner as to injure the health or morals of the child or others are status offense behaviors. The upper age for delinquency jurisdiction is 17, while the upper age for status offense jurisdiction is 20. The lower age for delinquency jurisdiction and status offense jurisdiction is not specified.

Status offense cases are classified as unruly children. The Court of Common Pleas has jurisdiction over status offenders and delinquents; special divisions of the Common Pleas courts which operate in many regards as specialized family or juvenile courts are created in statute for specific counties and judges run for election and retention to these statute-created specialized juvenile and family courts. A court may extend jurisdiction until a juvenile reaches 21.