U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Working for Youth Justice and Safety
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Overview
Related FAQs
Related Publications
Related Links
Data Analysis Tools
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Link to Printer-priendly versionPrinter-friendly
Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Has the number of juveniles killed with a firearm changed since 1980?
A: The growth in the number of juveniles murdered using a firearm that began in 2003 was reversed between 2006 and 2011 as the number fell 32% over the last 5 years.

Juvenile homicide victims by firearm involvement, 1980-2011

Year Firearm No Firearm

1980 738 1,075
1981 649 1,041
1982 651 1,035
1983 569 968
1984 537 926
1985 628 944
1986 644 1,074
1987 747 965
1988 923 1,015
1989 1,153 1,001
1990 1,257 1,038
1991 1,459 1,116
1992 1,553 1,008
1993 1,726 1,115
1994 1,596 1,067
1995 1,591 1,031
1996 1,322 1,082
1997 1,144 914
1998 927 1,000
1999 919 878
2000 747 835
2001 705 935
2002 761 812
2003 689 854
2004 748 818
2005 810 824
2006 951 833
2007 931 870
2008 869 860
2009 765 761
2010 709 736
2011 644 731

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Between 1984 and 1993, the number of juveniles killed with a firearm increased more than 200%. By 2003, the number of firearm-related juvenile homicides was 60% below the 1993 peak.
  • The large drop in the number of juveniles killed with a firearm after 1993 resulted in the overall number of juvenile homicides in 2003 falling to its lowest level since at least 1984.
  • However, between 2003 and 2006, murders of juveniles by firearms increased 38%, then fell 32% through 2011. In the early 1990s, about 61% of murdered juveniles were killed with a firearm; this percentage fell to 43% in 2001 then reached about 50% in each of the last 3 years.
  • Firearms were used less often in the killings of young children. In 2011, for example, 17% of homicide victims under age 12 were killed by a firearm compared to 81% of victims ages 1217.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02306.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice