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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does firearm use in juvenile homicide victimization vary by race?
A: Firearms were involved in a greater proportion of black juvenile homicides than white, but trends in the proportion of firearm-related homicides were similar for both racial groups.

Firearm percent of juvenile homicide victims by race, 1980-2011

Year White Black

1980 36 % 47 %
1981 36   42  
1982 37   41  
1983 37   38  
1984 35   40  
1985 36   47  
1986 36   40  
1987 36   53  
1988 38   57  
1989 44   63  
1990 45   64  
1991 50   64  
1992 53   67  
1993 55   66  
1994 51   68  
1995 52   69  
1996 48   63  
1997 49   62  
1998 44   54  
1999 45   57  
2000 41   54  
2001 38   49  
2002 44   54  
2003 34   56  
2004 40   58  
2005 42   58  
2006 46   62  
2007 41   64  
2008 43   59  
2009 41   61  
2010 36   63  
2011 40   56  

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • In 2011, a greater percentage of black than white juvenile murder victims were killed with a firearm (56% vs. 40%). In fact, black juvenile homicide victims were more likely to be killed by a firearm than white juvenile victims each year between 1980 and 2011.
  • The proportion of black juvenile homicides involving a firearm increased substantially during a 3-year period in the late 1980's.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02307.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on August 05, 2013.

Adapted from Puzzanchera, C. and Kang, W. (2013). Easy Access to the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports: 1980-2011. Available on-line at: http://ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezashr/.

Data Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation. Supplementary Homicide Reports for the years 19802011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: FBI.

 

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