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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: How do the trends in serious violent crime victimization of youth vary by offense?
A: Both younger (12-14) and older (15-17) juveniles had declining rates of victimization for all types of violent victimization between 1993 and 2003.

Trends in violent victimizations by offense and age group, 1993-2003

Serious Violent Crimes 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003

Robbery
  Ages 12-14 14.7 11.9 9.8 9.3 7.2 8.5 5.9 4.2 3.3 3.2 5.9
  Ages 15-17 12.8 11.9 8.3 11.8 9.5 8.7 5.0 7.4 5.2 3.6 6.8
  Ages 18+ 5.5 5.5 5.0 4.6 3.9 3.3 3.3 2.9 2.4 2.1 2.0
 
Aggravated assault
  Ages 12-14 23.3 22.3 15.7 14.6 15.9 12.2 13.0 9.5 7.0 4.3 7.7
  Ages 15-17 31.6 33.8 19.9 21.8 18.4 18.1 13.9 9.9 11.1 8.5 13.9
  Ages 18+ 11.0 10.3 8.2 8.4 7.8 6.7 6.2 4.8 4.8 4.3 4.1
 
Simple assault
  Ages 12-14 89.4 88.7 86.8 72.4 68.2 62.6 50.1 38.3 40.2 35.3 39.5
  Ages 15-17 77.3 72.1 67.1 57.9 61.9 57.7 46.8 43.2 38.6 37.2 41.5
  Ages 18+ 27.5 28.1 25.6 23.1 21.7 21.2 17.7 14.7 13.8 13.0 13.5
 
Rape/Sexual assault
  Ages 12-17 5.1 3.9 3.0 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 2.3 2.7 2.8 1.0
  Ages 18-24 7.2 5.5 4.3 3.0 3.5 5.0 6.3 2.5 3.5 3.8 2.5
  Ages 25+ 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.8

Note: Victimization rates are per 1,000 persons in age group

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • The decline in the rate of simple assault victimizations for younger juveniles was larger than that for older juveniles (-57% versus -46%), so that by 2003 their rates of victimization were nearly equal.
  • Older juveniles had the highest rate of aggravated assault victimization between 1993 and 2003.
  • Because the rape/sexual assault rates for young teens are low, insufficient sample cases were available to analyze annual rates for younger and older teens separately. Juveniles and young adults had higher rates than the adults throughout the period except in 2003 when the rates for juveniles and adults converged.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02503.asp?qaDate=2003. Released on September 12, 2008.

Data Source: Baum, K. (2005) Juvenile victimization and offending, 1993-2003. Bureau of Justice Statistics: Special Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.

 

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