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Juveniles as Victims
Violent Crime Victimization
Q: Does the time of day pattern for victims of family violence vary by the age of the victim?
A: Children under age 6 are at high risk of violent victimization at mealtimes (I.e., 8 a.m., noon, and 6 p.m.) by both family and nonfamily offenders.

Victimizations per 1,000 juvenile victims within age group

Time
Victims under age 6
Victims ages 6-11
Victims ages 12-17
Victims age 18 and older
Family Nonfamily Family Nonfamily Family Nonfamily Family Nonfamily

6AM 12 5 6 4 2 5 4 9
7AM 13 9 11 15 4 21 5 11
8AM 39 22 22 27 6 34 6 15
9AM 30 15 17 17 5 26 7 18
10AM 31 16 17 19 7 32 8 22
11AM 28 15 17 24 8 39 9 24
12PM 48 29 29 41 10 51 10 27
1PM 37 18 18 29 9 45 10 26
2PM 33 21 21 46 10 63 11 28
3PM 46 25 30 77 14 74 12 31
4PM 49 24 31 57 15 53 14 33
5PM 39 24 28 46 15 44 16 35
6PM 47 26 28 49 15 44 17 38
7PM 32 22 26 43 14 46 18 41
8PM 31 21 25 36 15 48 19 45
9PM 30 19 20 22 16 42 19 48
10PM 25 16 15 15 13 34 18 49
11PM 17 11 13 8 11 26 16 48
12AM 14 9 9 6 8 20 13 47
1AM 12 7 6 4 5 14 11 46
2AM 8 4 4 3 4 10 9 40
3AM 6 4 3 4 2 9 7 26
4AM 4 2 3 3 2 5 4 16
5AM 4 3 3 2 1 3 3 11
6AM 12 5 6 4 2 5 4 9

Note: Violent crimes include murder, violent sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. Data are from law enforcement agencies in 35 states and the District of Columbia.

[ Graph version ]  [ Excel file ]

  • Violent crimes by family members against juveniles were most frequent in the hours between 3 and 7 p.m.
  • Juveniles ages 6 to 17 were at greatest risk of violent victimization by nonfamily members (acquaintances or strangers) at 3 p.m. (the end of the school day). For those ages 6 to 11, the risk declined sharply after 3 p.m. The relative decline for juveniles ages 1217 was less, so that after 8 p.m. older juveniles were far more likely to be victimized than younger juveniles.
  • Adult victimization by both family and nonfamily members increased hourly from morning through the evening hours, peaking around 9 p.m.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/victims/qa02804.asp?qaDate=2008. Released on December 21, 2010.

Adapted from Snyder, H. & Sickmund, M. (2006). Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, Chapter 2. Washington, D.C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Data Source: National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. National Incident-Based Reporting System, 2008: Extract Files [Computer file]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-08-13.

 

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