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Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program


Programs and Funding

Research and Evaluation





The Juvenile Accountability Block Grant (JABG) Program is authorized under the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. 3796ee et esq). As envisioned by Congress, the goal of the JABG program is to encourage states and units of local government to implement accountability-based programs and services and strengthen the juvenile justice system. The basic premise underlying the JABG program is that both the justice-involved youth and the juvenile justice system must be held accountable. For the juvenile, accountability means an assurance of facing individualized consequences through which he or she is made aware of and held responsible for the loss, damage, or injury that the victim experiences. Such accountability is best achieved through a system of graduated sanctions imposed according to the nature and severity of the offense, moving from limited interventions to more restrictive actions if the youth continues delinquent activities. For the juvenile justice system, strengthening the system requires an increased capacity to develop youth competence, to efficiently track juveniles through the system, and to provide enhanced options such as restitution, community service, mediation between the youth and victim, and other restorative justice sanctions that reinforce the mutual obligations of an accountability-based juvenile justice system.
Programs and FundingTop  
Only the agency designated by the chief executive (i.e., the Governor) of each state is eligible to apply for these funds. The term "state" means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. You may contact your Juvenile Justice Specialist for more information.
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program
Training and Technical AssistanceTop  
Training and technical assistance is available through several providers. OJJDP's National Training and Technical Assistance Center (NTTAC) leverages linkages with consultants, trainers and resources to provide telephonic or onsite training and technical assistance. States may fill out a TA request form at and forward it to the appropriate OJJDP state representative to arrange training and technical assistance. States can also call NTTAC toll free at 800-830-4031.

Training and technical assistance support is also available from CSR Incorporated, which manages the JABG performance measurement process for OJJDP. CSR manages the Data Collection and Technical Assistance Tool (DCTAT) that OJJDP encourages states to use to submit their JABG performance measurement data. CSR staff also provide training and support regarding the selection and use of the JABG performance measures, as well as navigating the DCTAT. Print documents are available on the DCTAT website. You may also e-mail or call 1-866-487-0512 for further support.

OJJDP has established the JABG Technical Support Center with assistance from the Bureau of Justice Statistics and a grant to the Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) to provide states with the data they need to calculate JABG allocations to local jurisdictions. JRSA combines information from the UCR Part 1 violent crimes with data on local justice expenditures (direct operating expenditures for police, corrections, and judicial and legal services) that the Census Bureau collects from local units of government. JRSA matches the FBI's crime data from police departments with the Census Bureau's justice expenditure data from local governments, resolves and discrepancies, and provides the results in a series of spreadsheets for each state. States can log onto a password-protected part of the online JABG Technical Support Center to obtain allocation amounts (and supporting information on violent crimes and expenditures) for all local units of government.
OJJDP Publication(s)
Best Practices in Juvenile Accountability: Overview
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, April 2003. Provides an indepth history of OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Block Grants (JABG) Program, reviews the developmental perspective shaping juvenile accountability, and offers case histories illustrating effective practices that promote accountability. 12 pages. NCJ 184745.
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Changes to OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Program
Bulletin, June 2003. Presents an overview of recent changes in OJJDP's juvenile accountability program as a result of the Department of Justice Authorization Act for FY 2003. 6 pages. NCJ 200220.
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Developing a Policy for Controlled Substance Testing of Juveniles
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, June 2000. Presents an overview of the issues involved in developing and implementing a substance-testing program for juveniles. 12 pages. NCJ 178896.
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Developing and Administering Accountability-Based Sanctions for Juveniles
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, September 1999. Describes Congress's attempt, through the Juvenile Accountability Block Grants program, to encourage states to develop and administer sanctions that are accountability based. 12 pages. NCJ 177612.
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Enabling Prosecutors to Address Drug, Gang, and Youth Violence
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, December 1999. Features one of the three Juvenile Accountability Block Grants program purpose areas that focus on enhancing the ability of prosecutors to address juvenile crime. 12 pages. NCJ 178917.
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Enhancing Prosecutors' Ability To Combat and Prevent Juvenile Crime in Their Jurisdictions
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, December 1999. Features two of the three Juvenile Accountability Block Grants program purpose areas that focus on enhancing the ability of prosecutors to address juvenile crime. 20 pages. NCJ 178916.
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Establishing and Maintaining Interagency Information Sharing
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, March 2000. Presents the necessary elements to develop and maintain an interagency information-sharing program to be used by representatives from juvenile courts, probation, social services, education, law enforcement, prosecution, and other juvenile justice partners who serve at-risk and delinquent youth. 16 pages. NCJ 178281.
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Increasing School Safety Through Juvenile Accountability Programs
Bulletin: Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Series, December 2000. Describes activities in support of OJJDP's commitment to promote school safety by holding students accountable for their behavior. 16 pages. NCJ 179283.
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Juvenile Accountability Block Grant Programs: 2008-2009 Report to Congress
Report, March 2011, Presents data from local subgrantees on how their juvenile accountability programs performed during the 2008 and 2009 reporting periods. 25 pages. NCJ 231990.
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program (OJJDP In Focus)
Fact Sheet: In Focus, October 2009. Provides an overview of OJJDPs Juvenile Accountability Block Grants (JABG) program, which helps States and communities develop and implement programs that hold youth accountable for delinquent behavior through the imposition of graduated sanctions that are consistent with the severity of the offense. 4 pages. NCJ 226357.
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Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants: Strategic Planning Guide
Summary, January 1999. Describes how states and local units of government can use funds from the Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants (JAIBG) program to build correctional/detention facilities, hire court staff, address drugs and gang violence, establish speciality courts, and conduct related activities. 62 pages. NCJ 172846.
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OJJDP's Major Grant Programs
Fact Sheet, October 2011. This fact sheet discusses OJJDP's grant programs, which are authorized by the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended. 4 pages. NCJ 234072.
An Overview of the JAIBG Program
April 2001. This fact sjeet provides an overview of OJJDP's Juvenile Accountability Incentive Block Grants program (JAIBG), including eligibility requirements, program focus areas, and the allocation of funds. 2 pages. NCJ 187529.
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Other Resources
Juvenile Accountability Block Grants Program Guidance Manual 2007 is designed to help states apply for, receive, obligate, and expend funds provided under the JABG program. It includes an overview of the program, a description of the application and award processes, and term definitions.

OJJDP Performance Measures Website
A one-stop resource for applicants and grantees, which will:
  • Review the significance of performance measures in the light of relevant federal legislation.
  • Assist applicants in developing a logic model that sets goals and objectives for their program.
  • Help applicants select appropriate performance measures and identify pertinent data sources for performance reporting. Enable grantees to report their performance measures online.
Applicants and grantees are encouraged to revisit this page regularly to access the latest information regarding performance measures.