Chapter 1: Major Accomplishments in
1996 and 1997
Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders
The Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders (Wilson and Howell, 1993) has been the foundation of OJJDP's program plans since it was published. The Comprehensive Strategy provides this country with a systematic way to address unacceptably high levels of juvenile crime and build upon the reductions seen during the past 2 years.
The Comprehensive Strategy is based on decades of research, program evaluations, and statistics about criminal and juvenile justice, public health, and youth development. It provides the juvenile justice field with a blueprint, based on a sound set of principles, for establishing a continuum of care to meet the needs of the Nation's children and protect the public from juvenile crime.
The Comprehensive Strategy advocates the use of local planning teams to assess the factors and influences that put youth at risk of delinquency, determine available resources, and establish prevention programs to either reduce risk factors or provide protective factors that buffer juveniles from the impact of risk factors.
To encourage more communities to use the Comprehensive Strategy, OJJDP published the Guide for Implementing the Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent, and Chronic Juvenile Offenders in 1995. The Guide offers a foundation and framework for communities' individualized strategies and provides a powerful tool for States, cities, counties, and neighborhoods that are mobilizing to address juvenile violence and delinquency.
In 1996, OJJDP began providing intensive training and technical assistance to help five States -- Florida, Iowa, Maryland, Rhode Island, and Texas -- implement the Comprehensive Strategy in up to six local jurisdictions each. OJJDP also is helping six communities that are participating in the SafeFutures program and San Diego County implement the Comprehensive Strategy.
The Office continued its training efforts during 1997; sponsoring 35 training events and helping almost 30 communities implement the Comprehensive Strategy. The Office also continued to disseminate information about the Comprehensive Strategy through publications and presentations at national conferences. The OJJDP grantees providing training and technical assistance are Developmental Research and Programs, Inc., of Seattle, WA, and the National Council on Crime and Delinquency of San Francisco, CA.