line National Estimates of Delinquency Cases (Continued)

Males were involved in 78% of the delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts in 1995 (table 30). Male juveniles were responsible for 76% of person offense cases, 78% of property offense cases, 86% of drug law violation cases, and 78% of public order offense cases. The offense characteristics of the male and female juvenile court caseloads were similar, although cases involving female juveniles were slightly less likely to involve drug law violations (6% compared with 10%) and more likely to involve person offenses (24% versus 21%) (table 31).

Table 30: Percentage of Delinquency Cases Involving Males, by Offense, 1986, 1991, and 1995 Table 31: Offense Profile of Delinquency Cases, by Sex, 1995

Between 1986 and 1995, the volume of delinquency cases involving males increased 40%, while the volume of cases involving females increased 68% (table 32). Both males and females showed considerable growth in the number of person offense cases (87% and 146%, respectively). Among males, the largest percent change was in drug offense cases (up 128% between 1986 and 1995). Among females, drug offense cases increased 80%.

Table 32: Percentage Change in Delinquency Cases and Case Rates, by Sex, 1986-1995

In 1995, the delinquency case rate for males was more than 3 times greater than the rate for females -- 92.4 compared with 27.3 cases per 1,000 youth at risk. In 1986, however, the male case rate was 4 times greater. Between 1986 and 1995, the relative change in delinquency case rates was greater for females than for males in both person and property offense cases. The per capita rate of person offense cases involving females increased 126%, compared with 71% for males. The rate of property offense cases increased 38% for females and 7% for males. On the other hand, the rate of drug offense cases increased more for males (109%) than for females (65%).

In 1995, both male and female delinquency case rates generally increased through age 16, before declining among 17-year-olds (figure 8). Male case rates increased continuously with age in two of the four delinquency offense categories -- drug law violations and public order (figure 9). The drug offense case rate for females also increased continuously through age 17.

Figure 8: Delinquency Case Rates, by Sex and Age at Referral, 1995

Figure 9: Delinquency Case Rates, by Sex, Age at Referral, and Offense, 1995

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line Juvenile Court Statistics 1995, May 1998