line National Estimates of Delinquency Cases (Continued)

Source of Referral
Table 4: Percentage of Delinquency Cases Referred by Law Enforcement, 1986, 1991, and 1995Delinquency cases can be referred to court intake by a number of sources, including law enforcement agencies, social service agencies, schools, parents, probation officers, and victims. However, law enforcement agencies are traditionally the source of most delinquency referrals. In 1995, for example, 86% of delinquency cases were referred to courts by law enforcement (table 4). About the same proportion of delinquency cases were referred to juvenile court by law enforcement in 1986 (84%).

There is some variation across the four major offense categories in the proportion of cases referred by law enforcement. In 1995, 94% of drug law violation cases were referred by law enforcement agencies, as were 91% of property cases and 87% of person offense cases. However, a smaller proportion of public order offense cases were referred by law enforcement sources (70%), perhaps because this offense category contains probation violations and contempt of court cases that are referred most often by court personnel.

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line Juvenile Court Statistics 1995, May 1998