Research on American Indian Juveniles
Although violent crime rates are declining throughout the Nation, they continue to rise in Indian Country. Children in Indian Country are especially vulnerable. More than one-third are at risk of becoming victims of abuse and/or neglect. In addition, the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Indian Affairs found an estimated 375 gangs with 4,652 gang members in Indian Country in 1997. However, there is a critical need to learn more about the extent, nature, and roots of delinquency among tribal youth.
In FY 1999, OJJDP will implement a new Tribal Youth Program. This $10 million effort will focus on comprehensive delinquency prevention and control and on juvenile justice system improvement for American Indian youth. The Research Division will oversee the research, evaluation, and statistics components of this project and expects to support several research efforts nationwide. The Tribal Youth Program has four focus areas: