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Beyond the Walls
Improving Conditions of Confinement for Youth in Custody

Table of Contents

About the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

Foreword

Acknowledgments

Introduction

Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act in Juvenile Correctional Facilities

 Accessing CRIPA
 The Role of Advocates
 DOJ's Decision To Investigate
 Conducting the Investigation
 Settlement and Litigation
 Monitoring Consent Decrees
 CRIPA and Institutions for Juveniles
 Using CRIPA To Improve Conditions
 Conclusion
 Checklist for Legal Reform and Using CRIPA
 Summary of CRIPA Requirements and Typical Department of Justice Procedures

Use of Ombudsman Programs in Juvenile Corrections

 Setting Up an Ombudsman Program for Incarcerated Juveniles
 Child Welfare Ombudsman Programs
 Adult Correctional Ombudsman Programs
 Ombudsman Programs in Juvenile Justice
 Conclusion
 Checklist for Creating an Ombudsman Program

Educational Advocacy for Youth With Disabilities

 The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
 IDEA and Juvenile Justice
 Litigation Under IDEA
 Table of Cases
 Implications
 Alternatives to Litigation
 Conclusion
 Checklist for Using IDEA

Protection and Advocacy Systems in Juvenile Corrections

 The Statutory Programs
 PADD
 PAIMI
 PAIR
 A Survey of the P&A Systems
 Conclusion
 Checklist for Using P&A's

The Administrative Procedure Act in Juvenile Corrections

 Distinction Between Rulemaking and Adjudication
 Rulemaking
 Adjudication
 Using the Administrative Procedure Acts To Improve Conditions of Confinement
 Conclusion
 Checklist for the Rulemaking Process
 Checklist for the Adjudicatory Process

Self-Assessment in Juvenile Corrections

 The Self-Assessment Process
 Consultant Model: Juvenile Detention Example
 Working Group Model: Child Welfare Example
 Conclusion
 Checklist for Self-Assessment

Conclusion

Endnotes

Appendixes

 Appendix A: Additional Information and Contacts
 Appendix B: Text of the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995
 Appendix C: Significant Decisions Under 802 and 803(d) ( 7(d) and (e)) of the
 Prison Litigation Reform Act
 Appendix D: Text of the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act
 Appendix E: Survey of Ombudsman Offices for Children in the United States
 Appendix F: Key Provisions of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act
 Appendix G: State Protection and Advocacy Systems

Publications From OJJDP


Patricia Puritz
Mary Ann Scali
American Bar Association Juvenile Juctice Center


Shay Bilchik, Administrator
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention


January 1998


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