Statistical Briefing Book > Youth in Corrections Previous Page
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 Black youth living in the U.S., 346 were in a residential placement facility on October 23, 2019 - for Hispanic youth the rate was 92, and for white youth it was 75.

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
† Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for race/ethnicity was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: The term ‘youth’ refers to persons under age 21 who were in a facility because they were charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (1,895 in 2019). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of youth (4) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of youth in residential placement on October 23, 2019 per 100,000 youth age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Race groups exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Hispanic persons can be of any race.

To protect the confidentiality of the youth in residential placement rates presented from CJRP are based on rounded counts. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: Released on May 21, 2021.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.