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Juveniles in Corrections
Offenses
Q: Does the offense profile of detained youth in residential placement vary by State?
A: Youth held for a person offense accounted for the largest share of the detention population in 41 states and the District of Columbia in 2019.

Offense profile of detained youth in residential placement by State, 2019

State of offense Most serious offense
Total Person Property Drug Public
order
Technical
violations
Status
U.S. total 100% 45% 20% 3% 13% 16% 2%
Alabama 100% 36% 27% 4% 15% 17% 1%
Alaska *100% *36% *23% *5% *9% *23% *5%
Arizona 100% 19% 19% 10% 10% 39% 0%
Arkansas 100% 40% 21% 4% 6% 27% 0%
California 100% 53% 15% 1% 11% 20% 0%
Colorado 100% 52% 23% 2% 19% 2% 1%
Connecticut *100% *40% *40% *0% *5% *10% *0%
Delaware *100% *45% *18% *0% *27% *5% *0%
District of Columbia *100% *62% *21% *0% *17% *0% *0%
Florida 100% 40% 30% 3% 16% 10% 1%
Georgia 100% 64% 27% 1% 7% 0% 0%
Hawaii *100% *40% *20% *0% *0% *40% *0%
Idaho *100% *38% *23% *15% *12% *4% *4%
Illinois 100% 36% 19% 3% 31% 12% 0%
Indiana 100% 38% 21% 3% 16% 15% 7%
Iowa 100% 49% 28% 9% 9% 4% 0%
Kansas 100% 56% 18% 3% 8% 10% 6%
Kentucky 100% 54% 13% 1% 19% 5% 8%
Louisiana 100% 38% 30% 2% 8% 17% 6%
Maine NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Maryland 100% 44% 22% 7% 9% 15% 1%
Massachusetts 100% 57% 17% 5% 19% 2% 0%
Michigan 100% 42% 20% 2% 12% 21% 4%
Minnesota 100% 41% 23% 3% 14% 18% 3%
Mississippi *100% *39% *25% *4% *18% *11% *4%
Missouri 100% 47% 29% 2% 10% 10% 2%
Montana *100% *40% *20% *7% *0% *33% *0%
Nebraska 100% 37% 17% 7% 17% 22% 0%
Nevada 100% 27% 17% 12% 17% 25% 2%
New Hampshire NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
New Jersey 100% 51% 8% 3% 14% 24% 0%
New Mexico 100% 30% 8% 4% 12% 44% 2%
New York 100% 60% 19% 5% 8% 7% 1%
North Carolina 100% 41% 37% 2% 11% 4% 7%
North Dakota NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Ohio 100% 50% 16% 2% 15% 15% 2%
Oklahoma 100% 49% 22% 4% 11% 13% 0%
Oregon *100% *21% *16% *0% *11% *53% *0%
Pennsylvania 100% 36% 18% 7% 11% 27% 1%
Rhode Island *100% *29% *29% *0% *43% *0% *0%
South Carolina 100% 33% 22% 1% 16% 23% 5%
South Dakota *100% *44% *25% *3% *9% *19% *3%
Tennessee 100% 57% 14% 2% 11% 11% 2%
Texas 100% 42% 16% 6% 14% 22% 0%
Utah *100% *29% *25% *0% *13% *33% *0%
Vermont NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Virginia 100% 42% 20% 2% 14% 19% 3%
Washington 100% 59% 16% 1% 12% 10% 1%
West Virginia 100% 47% 27% 2% 9% 2% 14%
Wisconsin 100% 40% 28% 2% 23% 2% 2%
Wyoming *100% *29% *14% *14% *14% *14% *14%

NA Too few youth (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for offense and/or placement status was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: Detained youth are those held in residential placement prior to adjudication.

This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Detained youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (493 in 2019). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities.

To preserve the privacy of the youth in residential placement, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map version ]  [ CSV file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08305.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on May 21, 2021.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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