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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Do private and public facilities provide onsite residential treatment?
A: More than 6 in 10 (61%) facilities reported providing onsite treatment services in 2020.

Percent of facilities providing treatment services, by facility operation, 2020

Total Public State Local Private
Total number of facilities 1,323 838 317 521 485

Number of facilities
 providing onsite treatment
808 426 243 183 382

Any treatment service 61% 51% 77% 35% 79%

Onsite treatment services1
 Mental health 84% 85% 84% 85% 83%
 Substance abuse 68% 78% 85% 69% 57%
 Sex offender 40% 41% 51% 28% 39%
 Violent offender 25% 34% 44% 20% 15%
 Arson 11% 12% 20% 2% 9%

1Percent based on number of facilities providing onsite treatment.

The COVID-19 pandemic had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, which may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2020 JRFC data, such as reporting, the number of youth in residential placement, and the services received.

[ CSV file ]

  • Among facilities that provide treatment services, public facilities were more likely than private facilities to report providing all services.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08520.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on January 10, 2023.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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