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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: What facility type is most likely to provide onsite residential treatment services?
A: Residential treatment centers (99%) and long-term secure facilities (93%) were most likely to report providing onsite treatment services in 2020.

Percent of facilities providing treatment services, by facility type*, 2020

Total Detention
Total number of facilities 1,323 599 136 28 219 452 22 82

Number of facilities
 providing onsite treatment
808 205 126 23 153 446 16 27

Any treatment service 61% 34% 93% 82% 70% 99% 73% 33%

Onsite treatment services1
 Mental health 84% 88% 92% 87% 70% 86% 69% 56%
 Substance abuse 68% 70% 89% 91% 48% 71% 75% 22%
 Sex offender 40% 30% 60% 61% 37% 45% 19% 19%
 Violent offender 25% 26% 53% 52% 14% 28% 38% 7%
 Arson 11% 6% 18% 30% 7% 12% 6% 4%

Notes: *Facility type counts sum to more than 1,323 facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.
1Percent based on number of facilities providing onsite treatment.

The COVID-19 pandemic had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, which may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2020 JRFC data, such as reporting, the number of youth in residential placement, and the services received.

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  • Provision of treatment services varied by type of facility and service type in 2020. Long-term secure facilities were most likely to report providing mental health services, reception/diagnostic centers were most likely to report substance abuse services, and long-term secure and reception/diagnostic centers were most likely to report providing sex offender services and violent offender services.
  • With the exception of reception/diagnostic centers, relatively few facilities report offering arson services.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08521.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on January 10, 2023.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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