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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Education: Are youth in residential placement evaluated for educational needs?
A: More than 9 in 10 (93%) of all reporting facilities evaluated youth for educational needs in 2020.

Facilities evaluating youth for educational needs, by facility operation and facility type, 2020

Total 1,323 1,275 90% 3% 8%

Facility operation
Public 838 818 90% 3% 7%
  State 317 311 94% 1% 5%
  Local 521 507 88% 4% 8%
Private 485 457 88% 4% 8%

Facility type1
Detention center 599 583 90% 3% 6%
Long-term secure 136 133 96% 3% 1%
Reception/diagnostic center 28 25 96% 0% 4%
Group home 219 212 77% 5% 18%
Residential treatment center 452 434 96% 2% 2%
Ranch/wilderness camp 22 22 95% 5% 0%
Shelter 82 81 73% 5% 22%

Notes: The term ‘youth’ refers to persons under age 21 who were in a facility because they were charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.

The COVID-19 pandemic had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, which may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2020 JRFC data, such as reporting, the number of youth in residential placement, and the services received.

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  • In 2020, 90% of all reporting facilities evaluated all youth for educational needs.
  • The largest proportion of facilities that evaluated all youth for educational needs were state facilities (94%). The proportion of private facilities and local facilities that evaluated all youth for educational needs was the same in 2020 (88% each).
  • With the exception of group homes and shelters, more than 90% of all facilities evaluated all youth for educational needs in 2020. Fewer than 8 in 10 group homes and shelters evaluated all youth in 2020.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08530.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on January 10, 2023.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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