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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Substance Abuse: Are youth in residential placement evaluated for substance abuse problems?
A: More than 8 in 10 (85%) of all reporting facilities evaluated youth for substance abuse problems in 2020.

Facilities evaluating youth for substance abuse problems, by facility operation and facility type, 2020

Total 1,323 1,274 76% 9% 15%

Facility operation
Public 838 817 75% 9% 16%
  State 317 311 88% 5% 8%
  Local 521 506 68% 11% 21%
Private 485 457 77% 11% 12%

Facility type1
Detention center 599 582 73% 9% 18%
Long-term secure 136 133 88% 8% 4%
Reception/diagnostic center 28 25 92% 4% 4%
Group home 219 212 70% 12% 18%
Residential treatment center 452 434 82% 10% 8%
Ranch/wilderness camp 22 22 77% 9% 14%
Shelter 82 81 64% 11% 25%

Notes: The term ‘youth’ refers to persons under age 21 who were in a facility because they were charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.

The COVID-19 pandemic had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, which may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2020 JRFC data, such as reporting, the number of youth in residential placement, and the services received.

[ CSV file ]

  • A larger proportion of private facilities (77%) than public facilities (75%) reported evaluating all youth for substance abuse problems in 2020. State facilities (88%) were more likely than local facilities (68%) to evaluate all youth.
  • Reception/diagnostic centers (92%) were most likely to report evaluating all youth for substance abuse problems in 2020.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08560.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on January 10, 2023.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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