Statistical Briefing Book > Youth in Corrections Previous Page
State Comparisons
Q: How do detention rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 Black youth living in the U.S., 152 were held in detention on October 23, 2019 - for Hispanic youth the rate was 41, and for white youth it was 23.

1American Indian includes Alaska Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for detention and/or race/ethnicity was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Detained youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (493 in 2019). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities.

Detained youth are those held in residential placement prior to adjudication. The detention rate is the number of youth in residential placement on October 23, 2019 per 100,000 youth age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Race groups exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Hispanic persons can be of any race.

To preserve the privacy of the youth in residential placement, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: Released on May 21, 2021.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.