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Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program


Programs and Funding

Research and Evaluation






The Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program (ICAC program) helps state and local law enforcement agencies develop an effective response to technology-facilitated child sexual exploitation and Internet crimes against children. This help encompasses forensic and investigative components, training and technical assistance, victim services, and community education.

The program was developed in response to the increasing number of children and teenagers using the Internet, the proliferation of child sexual abuse images available electronically, and heightened online activity by predators seeking unsupervised contact with potential underage victims. OJJDP created the ICAC Task Force Program under the authority of the fiscal year (FY) 1998 Justice Appropriations Act, Public Law 105119. The Providing Resources, Officers, and Technology to Eradicate Cyber Threats to Our Children Act ("the PROTECT Act") of 2008, (P.L. 110-401, codified at 42 USC 17601, et seq.), authorized the ICAC program through FY 2013. On November 2, 2017, the Providing Resources, Officers, and Technology to Eradicate Cyber Threats to (PROTECT) Our Children Act of 2017 was signed into law, reauthorizing the ICAC Task Force Program through FY 2022.

The ICAC program is a national network of 61 coordinated task forces representing over 4,500 federal, state, and local law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies. These agencies are engaged in both proactive and reactive investigations, forensic investigations, and criminal prosecutions. By helping state and local agencies to develop effective, sustainable responses to online child victimization including responses to the online sharing of child sexual abuse images, OJJDP has increased the capacity of thousands of communities across the country to combat Internet crimes against children. For information on ICAC Task Forces by state, please visit

  • Since the ICAC program's inception in 1998, more than 675,700 law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and other professionals have been trained on techniques to investigative and prosecute ICAC related cases.
  • Since 1998, ICAC Task Forces have reviewed more than 844,600 complaints of alleged child sexual victimization resulting in the arrest of more than 89,400 individuals.

In FY18, ICAC task force programs conducted more than 71,200 investigations and 84,700 forensic exams. These efforts resulted in the arrests of more than 9,100 individuals. Additionally, the ICAC program trained over 46,500 law enforcement personnel, over 2,900 prosecutors, and more than 14,300 other professionals working in the ICAC field.

Programs and FundingTop  
In FY 2018, funding for the ICAC program totaled $28,600,000 to support ICAC task forces and training and technical assistance. ICAC Task Force Program funding is supported under the Missing and Exploited Children appropriation included in the Department of Justice fiscal year appropriation.

Funding History

  • FY 2003: $12.4 million
  • FY 2004: $12.3 million
  • FY 2005: $13.3 million
  • FY 2006: $14.3 million
  • FY 2007: $14.3 million
  • FY 2008: $16.9 million
  • FY 2009: $74.5 million
  • FY 2010: $30 million
  • FY 2011: $30 million
  • FY 2012: $25.7 million
  • FY 2013: $25.050 million
  • FY 2014: $27 million
  • FY 2015: $27 million
  • FY 2016: $27.6 million
  • FY 2017: $27.6 million
  • FY 2018: $28.6 million

Training and Technical AssistanceTop  
The ICAC Training and Technical Assistance Program was established to provide ICAC task forces and their affiliates with the training and technical assistance they need to conduct effective investigations and prosecutions. Training providers include the following:
  • SEARCH, the National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics, provides training related to social networking sites, peer to peer file sharing, wireless networks, and cell phone technology for law enforcement, prosecutors and allied professionals.

    Contact: Timothy Lott, Director, High-Tech Crime Training Services
    SEARCH, The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics
    1900 Point West Way, Suite 275
    Sacramento, CA 95815
    916-392-2550 Ext. 209

  • The National White Collar Crime Center provides training for law enforcement, prosecutors, and other stakeholders in the ICAC program to improve investigative, prosecutorial, and forensic capabilities; create and distribute guidelines, best practices, and investigative methodologies; and coordinate meetings with grantees and practitioners.

    Contact: Tyler Wotring
    Supervisor, Cyber Crime Section
    National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C)
    5000 NASA Blvd., Suite 2400
    Fairmont, WV 26554
    877-628-7674 ext. 2202

  • The Innocent Justice Foundation provides a comprehensive mental health and wellness program for ICAC task forces to address negative effects and trauma for individuals exposed to child sexual abuse images through their work.

    Contact: Beth Medina, CEO
    The Innocent Justice Foundation
    2240 Encinitas Blvd., Suite D4
    Encinitas, CA 92024

  • Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC) provides training focused on investigative techniques and best practices for undercover operations to combat Internet crimes against children and site-specific technical assistance to ICAC Task Forces.

    Contact: Leila Harrington
    Program Administrator, ICAC Training & Technical Assistance Program
    National Criminal Justice Training Center of Fox Valley Technical College
    UNH, 10 West Edge Dr, Room 106
    Durham, NH 03824
    877-798-7682 (toll free)
    603-862-2694 (direct)
    603-862-2477 (fax)

  • The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children facilitates training to law enforcement; prosecutors; and criminal- and juvenile-justice, child-serving, and healthcare professionals on issues related to missing and exploited children.

    Contact: Laura Silver
    National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
    699 Prince Street
    Alexandria, VA 22314-3175
OJJDP Publication(s)
Protecting Children in Cyberspace: The ICAC Task Force Program
Bulletin, January 2002. Discusses efforts by OJJDP's Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force Program that address emerging online threats, such as computer-facilitated sex crimes, directed at children and teenagers. 8 pages. NCJ 191213.
Protecting Children Online: Using Research-Based Algorithms to Prioritize Law Enforcement Internet Investigations, Technical Report
OJJDP-Sponsored, May 2016. This project used data from 20 Internet Crimes Against Children task forces to develop empirically-based recommendations to assist law enforcement conducting Internet investigations. 54 pages. NCJ 250154.

Project Safe Childhood
Project Safe Childhood combats the proliferation of technology-facilitated sexual exploitation crimes against children.

Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force
The ICAC Task Force Program develops effective responses to the online enticement of children by sexual predators, child exploitation, child obscenity and pornography cases.

Other Resources

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