|Juvenile Drug Courts/Reclaiming Futures Program|
Programs and Funding
Research and Evaluation
The juvenile drug court system has been a pioneer in providing intervention, treatment, and structure to youth involved in substance abuse and delinquency. To fully realize the vision of the juvenile drug court, OJJDP realized that work was needed to develop additional capacity to provide treatment services and retool the service infrastructure so that it can accommodate the volume and complexity of cases in partnership with communities. In 2007, OJJDP entered into a partnership with the Department of Health and Human Services' Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation enhance the capacity of states, state courts, local courts, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments to serve substance-abusing juvenile offenders by developing and establishing juvenile drug courts adopting the Reclaiming Futures model. In June of 2007, OJJDP issued a solicitation inviting communities to propose the implementation of a juvenile drug court program committed to integrating the Reclaiming Futures model with best practices in substance abuse treatment. OJJDP awarded a total of $1.275 million over 4 years to three jurisdictions in Greene County, MO, Hocking County, OH, and the New York State Unified Court System to implement the program. In 2009, awards totaling $1.275 million were provided to the Colorado Judicial Department in Denver, Colorado, the Superior Court of the County of Ventura in California, and Cherokee Nation in Tahlequah, Oklahoma for a four year period, and in 2010 up to $1.275 million was provided to Travis County, Texas, Hardin County, Ohio, and Snohomish County, Washington to implement the program.
The goal of the program is to build the capacity of states, state courts, local courts, units of local government, and Indian tribal governments to develop and establish juvenile drug courts adopting the Reclaiming Futures model for justice-involved youth who are abusing substances.
Applicants presented descriptions of their current or planned juvenile drug court programs in accordance with the guidelines offered in the Bureau of Justice Assistance publication Juvenile Drug Courts: Strategies in Practice. Applicants described elements that were in place or would be to achieve an effective juvenile drug court program and further described how the Reclaiming Futures model would enhance those elements. For example, collaborative planning is a significant strategy that is required for an effective juvenile drug court. An effective juvenile drug court is implemented with relevant stakeholders that have been a part of the initial process and the development and maintenance of collaboratives and community partnerships that support plans for the youth participants. Other significant strategies for effective juvenile drug courts include identifying the target population, screening, proper assessments, drug testing, and incentives and sanctions.
The Reclaiming Futures model embodies three essential elements: designing a system of care that coordinates services, involving the community in creating new opportunities, and improving treatment services for drug and alcohol use. Emphasis will be placed on screening and assessments, and training and technical assistance will be provided in the effective use of screening and assessment tools. The integration of the juvenile drug court and Reclaiming Futures models should enable communities to identify substance abusing youth, match them with appropriate treatment options, and deliver services through a coalition of providers working under the guidance of a local court.
|Programs and Funding||Top |
|Each grantee receives up to $425,000 for a 4-year period.|
|Research and Evaluation||Top |
|In December 2015, the University of Arizona published findings from a cross-site evaluation of the Juvenile Drug Courts/Reclaiming Futures project. The evaluation was funded by OJJDP through an interagency agreement with the Library of Congress. See the Executive Summary and the Final Report showing evaluation details and outcome findings. Visit the University of Arizona’s National Cross-Site Evaluation of Juvenile Drug Courts and Reclaiming Futures project page to learn more and for access to additional reports.|
In 2016, the National Drug Court Institute published a guest issue of Drug Court Review devoted to the findings from the cross-site evaluation. The articles captured in the issue highlight the history of the Juvenile Drug Court: Strategies in Practice and the Reclaiming Futures models, the process of integrating the two models, the characteristics of clients served in the evaluation, an analysis of critical components of both models, and the importance of community engagement. In addition, two commentaries include an examination of policy and program implications and an OJJDP staff-authored discussion of how the findings can guide the future of federal, state, and local efforts to respond to and treat youth with substance use and addiction issues in the juvenile court system.
|Training and Technical Assistance||Top |
|Grantees will receive training and technical assistance to implement the Reclaiming Futures model from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and training and technical assistance to support the treatment component from the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. They will also be eligible to receive training and technical assistance on the implementation of the juvenile drug court model by OJJDP through the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges.|
|Colorado Judicial Department|
Denver Juvenile Probation Department
Green County Juvenile Drug Court
Hardin County Court of Common Pleas
Hocking County Juvenile Court
New York State Unified Court System
New York, NY
Superior Court of California County of Ventura
Juvenile Drug Court
|Adolescent Substance Use Treatment Effectiveness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis|
OJJDP-Sponsored. April 2016. This meta-analysis quantitatively synthesized findings from the most current evidence base of adolescent substance use treatment effectiveness research. 76 pages. NCJ 250440.
Assessing Fidelity to a Logic Model: The National Cross-Site Evaluation of Juvenile Drug Courts (JDC) and Reclaiming Futures (RF) Experience
OJJDP-Sponsored, July 2015. This presentation provided an overview of logic models and how to develop them; how to use logic models to assess program implementation fidelity; how to link program fidelity to outcomes; the JDC/RF logic model; and specific lessons learned. 28 pages. NCJ 249762.
Community Engagement in Juvenile Drug Court: Lessons Learned
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2015. This brief offers recommendations for one of the components of the Juvenile Drug Courts/Reclaiming Futures initiative that goes beyond the relationship between the court and the youth: community engagement. 6 pages. NCJ 249770.
The Concurrent Evolution and Intertwined Nature of Juvenile Drug Courts (JDC) and Reclaiming Futures (RF) Approach to Juvenile Justice Reform
OJJDP-Sponsored, October 2015. The purpose of this presentation was to describe the need for more and better adolescent treatment, review the history and evolution of juvenile drug courts (JDC), provide an overview of Reclaiming Futures (RF), and describe how JDC and RF have come together. 23 pages. NCJ 249761.
Cross-Site Report: Modifications and Adaptations from Planned to Actual JDC/RF Integration and Implementation - September 2015: Five Site Report
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2015. This report presents findings from an evaluation of Juvenile Drug Court (JDC): Strategies in Practice and Reclaiming Futures (JDC/RF) programs implemented in five JDCs in the United States. This report focuses on the modifications and adaptations that occurred at the evaluation sites during the implementation of the JDC/RF integrated model. 3 pages. NCJ 249759.
Developing Juvenile Drug Court Practices on Process Standards: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Synthesis
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2016. The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence on implementation barriers and facilitators, and other process issues related to juvenile drug courts, referred to herein as juvenile drug treatment courts, including systemwide contextual factors. 63 pages. NCJ 250441.
Engage, Involve, Empower: Family Engagement in Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts
OJJDP-Sponsored. February 2017. This report explores family engagement during a youth's time in the juvenile justice system to improve outcomes across behavioral health, education, and delinquency in the juvenile drug treatment court context. 29 pages. NCJ 250618
Family Engagement in Juvenile Drug Court: Lessons Learned
OJJDP-Sponsored, June 2015. This brief offers recommendations for one of the components of the Juvenile Drug Courts/Reclaiming Futures initiative that goes beyond the relationship between the court and the youth: family engagement. 5 pages. NCJ 249768.
Findings From the Economic Analysis of JDC/RF: Policy Implications for Juvenile Drug Courts
OJJDP-Sponsored, January 2016. This brief provides findings from the National Cross-Site Evaluation of Juvenile Drug Courts and Reclaiming Futures (JDC/RF) describing JDC/RF program costs and estimated net economic benefits. 6 pages. NCJ 249769.
A Guide to the Guidelines: Practical Tips for Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts to Implement
OJJDP-Sponsored. The guide provides juvenile drug treatment court professionals and teams with advice and tips on the new Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Guidelines. June 2017. 13 pages. NCJ 250930.
Guiding System-Level Change: Developing a Comprehensive Plan for Integrating Innovative Programs Into Drug Court
OJJDP-Sponsored, May 2014. This presentation covered information about program implementation, how to involve individuals and maximize buy-in, how to guide system-level change, and how to track and evaluate progress. 34 pages. NCJ 249763.
Juvenile Drug Court Strategies in Practice and Reclaiming Futures: An Integrated Logic Model
OJJDP-Sponsored, August 2013. This presentation provided information about the development of an integrated Juvenile Drug Court/Reclaiming Futures logic model. 9 pages. NCJ 249764.
Juvenile Drug Courts: Policy and Practice Scan
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2016. A policy and practice scan (sometimes referred to as an environmental scan) was conducted to provide data on a sample of local juvenile drug treatment courts (JDTCs) in the United States. The objectives of the scan were to collect data from a sample of JDTCs on their current operations and structures, challenges to implementation, and perceived or measurable successes. 94 pages. NCJ 250442.
Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Guidelines
OJJDP-Produced, December 2016. This report presents juvenile drug treatment courts with evidence-based treatment guidelines, provides summaries of the research that underlies each guideline, and offers relevant implications for practice and implementation. 60 pages. NCJ 250368
Merging Reclaiming Futures Into Juvenile Drug Courts: Lessons Learned for Implementation
OJJDP-Sponsored, July 2015. This information brief highlights recommendations for policymakers and program managers seeking to improve or create a Juvenile Drug Court/Reclaiming Futures site and may have broader implications for juvenile drug courts in general. 5 pages. NCJ 249767.
Meta-Analysis of Research on the Effectiveness of Juvenile Drug Courts
OJJDP-Sponsored, April 2016. This systematic review and meta-analysis quantitatively synthesized findings from the most current evidence base of juvenile drug court effectiveness research. April 2016. 73 pages. NCJ 250439
Models for Success: An Integrated Approach for Juvenile Drug Court
OJJDP-Sponsored, October 2013. This presentation provides information about the OJJDP-sponsored evaluation of the Juvenile Drug Court/Reclaiming Futures initiative. 15 pages. NCJ 249766.
National Cross-Site Evaluation: Juvenile Drug Courts and Reclaiming Futures - Formal Training Report, Five Site Report
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2015. This report summarizes formal training activities of the five evaluation sites that participated in the National Cross-Site Evaluation of Juvenile Drug Courts and Reclaiming Futures. 11 pages. NCJ 249772.
National Cross-Site Evaluation: Juvenile Drug Courts and Reclaiming Futures: Executive Summary: 7/1/2011-6/30/2015
OJJDP-Sponsored, December 2015. This executive summary presents high-level findings from an evaluation of the Juvenile Drug Courts/Reclaiming Futures initiative. 11 pages. NCJ 249745.
National Cross-Site Evaluation: Juvenile Drug Courts and Reclaiming Futures: Final Report: 7/1/2011-6/30/2015
OJJDP-Sponsored, December 2015. This report presents findings from an evaluation of the Juvenile Drug Courts/Reclaiming Futures initiative. 177 pages. NCJ 249744.
Normative Expectations of the Integrated JDC/RF Drug Court Logic Model
OJJDP-Sponsored, June 2014. This resource provides a framework for integrating two models used in juvenile drug court practice: Juvenile Drug Courts: Strategies in Practice (JDC) and Reclaiming Futures (RF). This logic model provides a global view of JDC/RF based on the evaluation team's interpretation of successful components and traditional performance measures. 2 pages. NCJ 249765.
OJJDP Juvenile Drug Court Guidelines Project: Juvenile Drug Court Listening Sessions
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2016. This report presents a summary of findings from data and information gathered during listening sessions between five juvenile drug treatment courts and the American Institutes for Research team. 117 pages. NCJ 250491.
Systematic Review of Factors That Impact Implementation Quality of Child Welfare, Public Health, and Education Programs for Adolescents: Implications for Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts
OJJDP-Sponsored, November 2016. This study reviewed the evidence on factors that impact implementation quality and fidelity in child welfare, public health, and education programs delivered to adolescents or adolescents and their families. 36 pages. NCJ 250483.
The Unique Role of the Judge in Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts: Advice From the Field
OJJDP-Sponsored, September 2016. This benchcard summarizes the advice focus group participants would give to new juvenile drug treatment court (JDTC) judges and/or to JDTC judges who are trying to better understand their role in this problem solving court. 4 pages. NCJ 250393.