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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How many youth are held in residential placement on a given day in the U.S.?
A: Nationally, 24,894 youth were held in residential placement facilities on October 27, 2021.
The term ‘youth’ refers to persons under age 21 who were in a facility because they were charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

*Other residents include youth age 21 or older and those held in the facility but not charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

The COVID-19 pandemic had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, which may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2020 JRFC data, such as reporting, the number of youth in residential placement, and the services received.

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    The COVID-19 pandemic, which began March 2020, had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, and may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2021 CJRP data, such as reporting and the number of youth in residential placement.

  • Information about youth in residential placement and the facilities that hold these youth are based on two OJJDP data collections: the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), respectively. Combined, these data collections provide a one-day count of the youth residential placement population.
  • The vast majority of residents in juvenile residential placement facilities on October 27, 2021 were youth held for an offense (85%).
  • The one-day count of youth in residential placement held for an offense fell 76% between 1997 and 2021
  • More than three-quarters (78%) of youth were in public facilities in 2021, and more than half (53%) of these youth were in local facilities.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08201.asp?qaDate=2021. Released on August 28, 2023.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement for the years 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, 2019, and 2021 and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census for the years 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020. [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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