Statistical Briefing Book > Juveniles in Corrections Previous Page
Demographics
Q: How many juveniles are held in residential placement on a given day in the U.S.?
A: Nationally, 45,567 juvenile offenders were held in residential placement facilities on October 26, 2016.
  • Information about youth in residential placement and the facilities that hold these youth are based on two OJJDP data collections: the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), respectively. Combined, these data collections provide a one-day count of the youth residential placement population.
  • The vast majority of residents in juvenile residential placement facilities on October 26, 2016 were juveniles held for an offense (86%).
  • The one-day count of juveniles in residential placement held for an offense fell 57% between 1997 and 2016.
  • More than two-thirds (71%) of juvenile offenders were held in public facilities in 2016 - and more than half (53%) of these youth were in local facilities.

  • Data collection reference dates: The census reference dates were 10/29/1997 (CJRP), 10/27/1999 (CJRP), 10/25/2000 (JRFC), 10/24/2001 (CJRP), 10/23/2002 (JRFC), 10/22/2003 (CJRP), 10/27/2004 (JRFC), 02/22/2006 (CJRP), 10/24/2007 (CJRP), 10/22/2008 (JRFC), 02/24/2010 (CJRP), 10/26/2011 (CJRP), 10/24/2012 (JRFC), 10/23/2013 (CJRP), 10/22/2014 (JRFC), 10/28/2015 (CJRP), 10/26/2016 (JRFC).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08201.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement for the years 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015 and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census for the years 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2014, and 2016. [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.