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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How many juveniles are held in residential placement on a given day in the U.S.?
A: Nationally, 45,567 juvenile offenders were held in residential placement facilities on October 26, 2016.

One day count of juveniles in residential placement facilities, 1997-2016

Year All
residents
Number of
juvenile
offenders
Number of
other
residents*
Juvenile offenders in:
Public Facilities State Local Private Facilities
1997 116,701 105,055 11,646 75,600 46,516 29,084 29,455
1999 120,563 107,493 13,070 76,222 47,347 28,875 31,271
2000 123,223 108,802 14,421 76,771 46,581 30,190 32,031
2001 117,814 104,219 13,595 73,328 43,669 29,659 30,891
2002 116,833 102,235 14,598 70,243 41,138 29,105 31,992
2003 109,094 96,531 12,563 66,210 37,335 28,875 30,321
2004 107,707 94,755 12,952 65,197 35,822 29,375 29,558
2006 104,819 92,721 12,098 64,163 34,658 29,505 28,558
2007 98,128 86,814 11,314 60,624 31,539 29,085 26,190
2008 91,139 80,914 10,225 56,157 28,161 27,996 24,757
2010 79,166 70,793 8,373 49,112 24,881 24,231 21,681
2011 68,815 61,423 7,392 42,584 20,783 21,801 18,839
2012 63,958 57,190 6,768 39,236 18,648 20,588 17,954
2013 60,227 54,148 6,079 36,830 17,532 19,298 17,318
2014 57,532 50,821 6,711 36,110 17,200 18,910 14,711
2015 55,167 48,043 7,124 33,031 15,106 17,925 15,012
2016 53,065 45,567 7,498 32,301 15,095 17,206 13,266

* Other residents include youth age 21 or older and those held in the facility but not charged with or adjudicated for an offense.



[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Information about youth in residential placement and the facilities that hold these youth are based on two OJJDP data collections: the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC), respectively. Combined, these data collections provide a one-day count of the youth residential placement population.
  • The vast majority of residents in juvenile residential placement facilities on October 26, 2016 were juveniles held for an offense (86%).
  • The one-day count of juveniles in residential placement held for an offense fell 57% between 1997 and 2016.
  • More than two-thirds (71%) of juvenile offenders were held in public facilities in 2016 - and more than half (53%) of these youth were in local facilities.

  • Data collection reference dates: The census reference dates were 10/29/1997 (CJRP), 10/27/1999 (CJRP), 10/25/2000 (JRFC), 10/24/2001 (CJRP), 10/23/2002 (JRFC), 10/22/2003 (CJRP), 10/27/2004 (JRFC), 02/22/2006 (CJRP), 10/24/2007 (CJRP), 10/22/2008 (JRFC), 02/24/2010 (CJRP), 10/26/2011 (CJRP), 10/24/2012 (JRFC), 10/23/2013 (CJRP), 10/22/2014 (JRFC), 10/28/2015 (CJRP), 10/26/2016 (JRFC).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08201.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement for the years 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015 and the Juvenile Residential Facility Census for the years 2000, 2002, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2014, and 2016. [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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