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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: What is the female proportion of juveniles in residential placement?
A: Nationally, females accounted for 15% of juvenile offenders in residential placement in 2017.

Female proportion of juveniles in residential placement, 2017

State of offense Overall Detained Committed
Public
Committed
Private
U.S. total 15% 18% 13% 14%
Alabama 19% 25% 3% 26%
Alaska 19% *28% 17% *13%
Arizona 14% 18% 9% NA
Arkansas 18% 14% 20% *25%
California 15% 16% 15% 8%
Colorado 12% 16% 6% *27%
Connecticut *12% *25% *0% NA
Delaware 7% *7% *5% NA
District of Columbia *16% *19% *13% NA
Florida 15% 16% 23% 14%
Georgia 11% 12% 10% *0%
Hawaii *30% *33% *25% NA
Idaho 20% *34% 16% *10%
Illinois 9% 12% 5% *0%
Indiana 19% 23% 5% 24%
Iowa 15% 20% 0% 22%
Kansas 11% 20% 2% *0%
Kentucky 13% 19% 6% *25%
Louisiana 12% 20% 10% 3%
Maine *19% *30% *14% NA
Maryland 10% 9% 7% *14%
Massachusetts 9% 11% *4% *7%
Michigan 24% 22% 31% 19%
Minnesota 15% 22% 12% 8%
Mississippi 24% 28% 16% NA
Missouri 14% 12% 15% *25%
Montana 18% *23% *17% *10%
Nebraska 35% 26% 48% 32%
Nevada 20% 22% 20% NA
New Hampshire *17% NA *17% NA
New Jersey 8% 13% 5% NA
New Mexico 17% 19% 13% NA
New York 19% 19% 16% 22%
North Carolina 11% 12% 10% NA
North Dakota 25% *38% *25% *9%
Ohio 14% 15% 14% 6%
Oklahoma 13% 17% 12% *0%
Oregon 11% 17% 11% 5%
Pennsylvania 14% 21% 13% 11%
Rhode Island 5% *9% *9% *0%
South Carolina 12% 21% 10% 4%
South Dakota 16% *15% NA *10%
Tennessee 11% 15% 4% *15%
Texas 15% 19% 13% 13%
Utah 14% *14% 12% *20%
Vermont NA NA NA NA
Virginia 13% 17% 9% NA
Washington 13% 22% 9% *8%
West Virginia 16% 30% 6% 16%
Wisconsin 13% 24% 11% 6%
Wyoming 23% *14% 26% *25%

NA Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for gender and/or placement status was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (4,242 in 2017). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • The female proportion of committed offenders was slightly higher in private facilities (14%) than in public facilities (13%).
  • The female proportion was higher for detained offenders (18%) than for committed offenders (13% for public and private facilities combined).
  • In 6 states, females represented no more than 10% of offenders in residential placement; in 24 states and in the District of Columbia, females represented at least 15% of offenders in placement.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08202.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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