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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 743 were in a residential placement facility on February 22, 2006 - for Hispanics the rate was 309, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 170.

State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2006

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1
U.S. total 289 170 464 743 309 476 80
Alabama 333 211 535 589 160 *84 *0
Alaska 412 251 675 983 *172 774 268
Arizona 249 187 305 634 284 284 *37
Arkansas 257 171 461 588 181 *0 *148
California 345 164 437 1,251 382 411 108
Colorado 389 282 591 1,193 521 567 123
Connecticut 166 55 408 593 308 *323 *0
Delaware 317 103 644 841 248 *0 *0
District of Columbia 701 228 760 812 288 *0 *417
Florida 386 290 490 926 128 185 52
Georgia 277 128 438 535 162 *0 *11
Hawaii 89 *22 104 *80 90 *0 39
Idaho 290 282 326 *343 280 868 *141
Illinois 203 113 328 489 191 1,348 65
Indiana 355 275 685 908 315 *137 *33
Iowa 317 251 800 1,384 326 1,237 222
Kansas 328 207 723 1,184 512 379 171
Kentucky 268 202 677 830 171 *0 *63
Louisiana 275 128 459 513 *64 *167 *50
Maine 147 143 224 *324 *0 *232 *171
Maryland 169 73 277 347 102 *0 *20
Massachusetts 193 94 479 656 428 *170 129
Michigan 263 159 534 641 199 374 *38
Minnesota 273 149 800 1,267 240 1,982 261
Mississippi 127 61 194 209 *0 *0 *0
Missouri 223 133 543 674 177 *85 *71
Montana 230 180 493 *981 299 508 *0
Nebraska 362 234 877 1,410 524 1,721 *88
Nevada 313 255 368 843 252 508 80
New Hampshire 144 121 464 1,043 352 *665 *0
New Jersey 172 46 347 690 162 *429 *9
New Mexico 201 86 252 583 270 137 *0
New York 267 118 449 749 279 168 40
North Carolina 141 74 245 303 109 133 *38
North Dakota 346 234 1,087 *282 *394 1,367 *0
Ohio 314 185 797 955 219 *0 *32
Oklahoma 229 152 372 757 190 211 *131
Oregon 315 282 419 1,081 296 924 *54
Pennsylvania 313 134 895 1,174 488 *236 93
Rhode Island 304 161 672 1,381 316 1,390 357
South Carolina 311 160 521 590 84 *0 *0
South Dakota 660 364 1,865 3,006 1,100 1,876 *715
Tennessee 210 137 398 465 123 *155 *0
Texas 329 199 414 800 322 132 23
Utah 263 195 552 1,944 491 419 186
Vermont 78 69 *251 *264 *518 *0 *0
Virginia 275 125 527 710 241 *113 66
Washington 203 166 296 677 227 509 79
West Virginia 316 275 919 1,178 *254 *0 *0
Wisconsin 242 138 645 1,133 120 731 160
Wyoming 545 410 1,299 4,373 832 1,550 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (1,466 in 2006). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. totals exclude youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on February 22, 2006 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map version ]  [ CSV file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2006. Released on September 24, 2013.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2006 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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