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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 520 were in a residential placement facility on October 26, 2011 - for Hispanics the rate was 202, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 112.

State residential placement rates by race/ethnicity, 2011

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1
U.S. total 196 112 306 520 202 361 35
Alabama 198 122 322 365 87 *85 *45
Alaska 271 157 422 640 *49 569 *44
Arizona 130 98 156 286 141 204 *29
Arkansas 224 140 408 563 131 *210 *173
California 234 106 289 795 279 217 40
Colorado 233 157 354 1,059 236 537 83
Connecticut 75 23 168 286 121 *0 *0
Delaware 194 74 354 500 113 *0 *0
District of Columbia 629 *107 711 809 *200 *0 *0
Florida 203 161 242 531 38 *104 23
Georgia 184 71 295 377 93 *0 *9
Hawaii 75 123 64 557 *50 *0 35
Idaho 212 197 273 *359 247 658 *104
Illinois 171 92 270 433 164 954 33
Indiana 258 204 441 601 147 *430 *23
Iowa 224 163 554 946 294 846 *88
Kansas 254 190 421 1,000 170 313 *105
Kentucky 163 113 430 530 170 *342 *0
Louisiana 222 98 371 421 65 *81 *43
Maine 129 114 313 510 *223 *489 *141
Maryland 152 48 257 348 81 *0 *0
Massachusetts 95 40 234 326 243 *0 *28
Michigan 220 116 486 661 153 *111 *22
Minnesota 145 68 409 659 151 1,140 84
Mississippi 77 26 130 141 *32 *0 *0
Missouri 201 148 383 464 172 *270 *28
Montana 169 122 406 *502 251 515 *0
Nebraska 336 197 770 1,472 337 1,669 *68
Nevada 246 166 304 686 243 *286 66
New Hampshire 76 67 164 *371 *178 *0 *0
New Jersey 106 33 195 412 101 *298 *8
New Mexico 229 140 263 295 276 184 *0
New York 148 61 246 452 134 *140 11
North Carolina 74 29 137 190 43 107 *14
North Dakota 240 153 724 *580 *287 913 *0
Ohio 200 114 494 603 116 *185 *26
Oklahoma 141 86 230 524 98 146 *35
Oregon 281 231 403 888 359 755 108
Pennsylvania 239 99 634 903 333 *122 30
Rhode Island 179 93 364 870 207 *0 *88
South Carolina 173 90 290 337 81 *0 *0
South Dakota 491 298 1,190 699 418 1,581 *245
Tennessee 116 60 253 312 53 *163 *26
Texas 175 91 223 445 180 *64 18
Utah 200 141 406 728 392 536 204
Vermont 59 58 *71 *0 *0 *0 *0
Virginia 203 96 366 547 116 *0 24
Washington 150 109 233 428 202 455 35
West Virginia 277 232 842 711 *194 *909 *0
Wisconsin 173 70 513 980 149 482 *53
Wyoming 431 386 665 1,387 416 1,157 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (2,645 in 2011). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (5) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on October 26, 2011 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2011. Released on June 01, 2017.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2011 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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