||How do residential placement rates vary by race?
||For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 315 were in a residential placement facility on October 23, 2019 - for Hispanics the rate was 92, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 72.
1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
† Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for race/ethnicity was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.
Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (1,895 in 2019). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.
U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (4) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.
The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on October 22, 2019 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.
Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.
To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.
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- In all but 7 states and the District of Columbia, the residential placement rate for black juvenile offenders exceeded the rate for other race/ethnicity groups.
- Nationally, the ratio of the placement rate for minorities to that for whites was 2.3 to 1.
- In 35 states and the District of Columbia, the ratio between the minority-to-white placement rate was above the national average. In 11 states and the District of Columbia, the minority-to-white placement rate was more than 4 to 1. Conversely, in 8 states, the minority-to-white ratio was less than 2 to 1.
Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08203.asp?qaDate=2019.
Released on May 21, 2021.
Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.
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