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Juveniles in Corrections
Demographics
Q: Does the minority proportion of juvenile offenders in residential placement vary by State and placement status?
A: In nearly all states, a disproportionate number of minorities were in residential placement in 2017.

NA Too few juveniles (fewer than 20) to calculate a reliable percentage.
* Percent based on a small denominator (fewer than 100 but at least 20 in the denominator).
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for race/ethnicity and/or placement status was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (4,242 in 2017). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The juvenile population is the number of juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Percentages are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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  • Minority youth accounted for 46% of the U.S. juvenile population and 67% of juveniles in residential placement in 2017.
  • Minority proportions tended to be somewhat lower for youth committed to private rather than public facilities.
  • In 19 states and the District of Columbia, the minority proportion of the total population of juvenile offenders in residential placement was above the national average (67%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08208.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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