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Juveniles in Corrections
Q: How do male residential placement rates vary by race/ethnicity and State?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black male juveniles in the population, 543 were in residential placement on October 23, 2019; for Hispanic males the rate was 155, and for non-Hispanic white males it was 117.

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for gender and/or race/ethnicity was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Male offenders for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (1,539 in 2019). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of male offenders (4) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of male juveniles in residential placement per 100,000 male juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile jurisdiction in each state.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Rates are based on rounded counts. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

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  • Nationally, the ratio of the residential placement rate for minority males to that for white males was 2.4 to 1.
  • In 43 states and the District of Columbia, the placement rate for non-Hispanic black males exceeded the rate for all other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the placement rates for males were substantially higher than the corresponding rates for females. For example, the overall placement rate for males was 191 per 100,000 male juveniles in the population. In comparison, the rate for females was 35 per 100,000 female juveniles.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08210.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on May 21, 2021.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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