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Juveniles in Corrections
Offenses
Q: How does the type of offense resulting in placement vary by race/ethnicity?
A: Offense profiles of youth in residential placement did not vary substantially by race/ethnicity.
Most serious offense     Minority
Total White Total
Minority
Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1
Total 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
  Delinquency 96% 94% 97% 97% 98% 96% 97%
   Person 41% 36% 44% 46% 41% 33% 42%
    Criminal homicide 2% 1% 2% 2% 3% 1% 3%
    Sexual assault 6% 10% 4% 4% 5% 5% 6%
    Robbery 11% 4% 15% 17% 11% 5% 13%
    Aggravated assault 9% 6% 10% 10% 11% 9% 10%
    Simple assault 8% 9% 8% 8% 8% 10% 4%
    Other person 5% 6% 4% 4% 4% 3% 6%
   Property 22% 22% 22% 23% 20% 25% 30%
    Burglary 8% 7% 8% 9% 7% 11% 11%
    Theft 5% 5% 5% 5% 4% 3% 5%
    Auto theft 5% 4% 5% 5% 5% 5% 7%
    Arson 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 2% 3%
    Other property 4% 4% 4% 4% 3% 4% 6%
   Drug 5% 6% 4% 3% 5% 6% 2%
    Drug trafficking 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0%
    Other drug 4% 6% 3% 3% 4% 6% 2%
   Public order 13% 13% 12% 12% 14% 11% 10%
    Weapons 5% 3% 6% 7% 6% 3% 4%
    Other public order 8% 11% 6% 5% 7% 8% 6%
   Technical violation* 15% 15% 15% 13% 19% 21% 11%
  Status 4% 6% 3% 3% 2% 4% 3%

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Technical violations include violations of probation, parole, and valid court order.

Notes: Race proportions do not include youth of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include a small number of youth for whom race/ethnicity was not reported or was reported as other. Detail may not total 100% because of rounding or because all offenses are not presented.

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  • Robbery was the most serious offense for a greater proportion of black, Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian juveniles than white juveniles in residential placement.
  • Sexual assault offenses were the most serious offense for a greater proportion of white juveniles than other juveniles in residential placement.
  • Regardless of race/ethnicity, a substantial proportion of youth were held for technical violations of probation, parole, or valid court orders.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08303.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on April 23, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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