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Juveniles in Corrections
Time in Placement
Q: How long do juveniles stay in juvenile residential placement facilities?
A: Half of committed residents had been in placement longer than 114 days when the census was taken. Half of detained juveniles had been in placement fewer than 23 days.

Median days in placement since admission, by placement status, 1997-2017

Placement status 1997 1999 2001 2003 2006 2007 2010 2011 2013 2015 2017
All facilities 69 76 77 69 65 64 70 63 76 69 68
  Committed 112 125 128 113 112 110 114 103 120 112 114
  Detained 17 17 15 15 16 15 19 15 22 21 23
Private facilities 110 112 110 109 106 104 113 98 113 110 119
  Committed 121 131 124 121 120 119 127 111 126 121 128
  Detained 26 21 20 20 22 17 19 19 28 27 40
Public facilities 55 62 63 50 47 48 50 47 58 50 49
  Committed 106 120 132 105 107 104 106 97 117 105 104
  Detained 16 16 15 15 15 15 19 15 21 21 22

Notes: The "median days in placement" statistic indicates that half the residents stayed fewer days and half stayed more days.

[ CSV file ]

  • Information on length of stay is key to understanding the justice system’s handling of juveniles in residential placement. Developing information on the length of time juveniles spend in residential placement, however, is a difficult task. Ideally, length of stay would be calculated for each individual juvenile by combining their days of stay in residential placement from their first admission to their last release relating to a particular case. These individual lengths of placement would then be averaged for different release cohorts of juveniles. The Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement captures information on the number of days since admission to a particular facility for each juvenile in residential placement. These data represent the number of days the juvenile had been in the facility up to the reference date of the census. Because the data are not based on a release cohort, however, complete lengths of stay cannot be determined. The data reflect only a juvenile’s placement at one facility and not multiple placements in multiple facilities. The data provide an overall profile of the time juveniles had been in the facility at the time of the census—a 1-day snapshot of time spent in the facility.
  • In 2017, at the time of the census, residents had been in the facility an average of 129 days since their admission. A few residents for whom very long stays were reported, however, skew this average (mean). In fact, half of all residents had been in placement fewer than 68 days (median).
  • Residents’ time in the facility varied by their placement status. Half of committed residents had been in placement longer than 114 days. Time in placement for detained juveniles was substantially shorter than for committed juveniles. Half of all detained juveniles had been in placement fewer than 23 days.
  • Time in placement was also related to whether juveniles were held in a public or private facility. In public facilities, half of committed juveniles had been in placement longer than 104 days. In private facilities, half of committed juveniles had been in the facility longer than 128 days. Among the detained population: in 2017, juveniles detained in private facilities had been in the facility for somewhat longer durations than those detained in public facilities. Half of those detained in public facilities had been in placement fewer than 22 days. Half of youth detained in private facilities had been in placement fewer than 40 days.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08405.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on April 23, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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