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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Characteristics
Q: Are most juvenile offenders held in small facilities?
A: More than half (56%) of facilities were small (holding 20 or fewer residents), but more than half (57%) of juvenile offenders were held in medium facilities (holding 21-100 residents) in 2016.

Juveniles in residential placement by facility size and facility type, 2016

Facility size Number of
Percent of
Number of
juvenile offenders
Percent of
juvenile offenders
Total 1,772 100% 45,567 100%
1-10 residents 598 34% 3,171 7%
11-20 residents 389 22% 4,912 11%
21-50 residents 495 28% 13,788 30%
51-100 residents 209 12% 12,165 27%
101-200 residents 65 4% 7,698 17%
200+ residents 16 1% 3,833 8%

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

[ CSV file ]

  • Although the largest facilities—those holding more than 200 residents—accounted for only 1% of all facilities, they held 8% of all juvenile offenders in residential placement.
  • Inversely, although the smallest facilities—those holding 10 or fewer residents—accounted for 34% of all facilities, they held only 7% of all juvenile offenders in placement.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08501.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2016 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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