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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Characteristics
Q: Are most juvenile offenders held in small facilities?
A: More than half (57%) of facilities were small (holding 20 or fewer residents), but more than half (57%) of juvenile offenders were held in medium facilities (holding 21-100 residents) in 2018.

Juveniles in residential placement by facility size and facility type, 2018

Facility size Number of
Percent of
Number of
juvenile offenders
Percent of
juvenile offenders
Total 1,510 100% 37,529 100%
1-10 residents 506 34% 2,646 7%
11-20 residents 351 23% 4,377 12%
21-50 residents 426 28% 11,890 32%
51-100 residents 159 11% 9,491 25%
101-200 residents 51 3% 5,325 14%
200+ residents 17 1% 3,800 10%

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

[ CSV file ]

  • Although the largest facilities—those holding more than 200 residents—accounted for only 1% of all facilities, they held 10% of all juvenile offenders in residential placement.
  • Inversely, although the smallest facilities—those holding 10 or fewer residents—accounted for 34% of all facilities, they held only 7% of all juvenile offenders in placement.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08501.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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