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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Characteristics
Q: Do public facilities hold more juveniles than private facilities?
A: Private facilities accounted for less than half of all facilities in 2016 and held just 29% of all offenders.

Juvenile offender population by facility operation, 2016

Facility operation Number of
facilities
Percent of
facilities
Number of
juvenile offenders
Percent of
juvenile offenders
Total 1,772 100% 45,567 100%
Public 978 55% 32,301 71%
  State 365 21% 15,095 33%
  Local 613 35% 17,206 38%
Private 794 45% 13,266 29%

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

[ CSV file ]

  • Private facilities are operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
  • State or local government agencies operate public facilities - the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.
  • Historically, local facilities held fewer juvenile offenders than state facilities, despite accounting for more than half of all public facilities. Since 2012, however, local facilities held more offenders than state facilities.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08502.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2016 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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