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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Characteristics
Q: Do public facilities hold more youth than private facilities?
A: Private facilities accounted for 40% of all facilities in 2018; these facilities held 27% of all youth in placement.

Youth held for an offense in residential placement by facility operation, 2018

Facility operation Number of
Percent of
Percent of
Percent of
Total 1,510 100% 37,529 100%
Public 903 60% 27,469 73%
  State 331 22% 13,221 35%
  Local 572 38% 14,248 38%
Private 607 40% 10,060 27%

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

[ CSV file ]

  • Private facilities are operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
  • State or local government agencies operate public facilities - the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.
  • Local facilities accounted for 63% of all public facilities; these facilities held 52% of youth in public facilities on the census date in 2018.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08502.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Adapted from the Juvenile Residential Facility Census Databook. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/jrfcdb/.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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